UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2015
OR
¨

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission file number: 001-37351
National Storage Affiliates Trust
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 
Maryland
 
46-5053858
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

5200 DTC Parkway
Suite 200
Greenwood Village, Colorado 80111
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
(720) 630-2600
(Registrant's telephone number including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large Accelerated Filer
¨
 
Accelerated Filer
¨
Non-accelerated Filer
x
 
Smaller Reporting Company
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x
As of November 9, 2015, 23,017,000 common shares of beneficial interest, $.01 par value per share, were outstanding.



 
 
 
 
 
EXPLANATORY NOTE
This quarterly report of National Storage Affiliates Trust includes the results of operations and financial condition of National Storage Affiliates Trust and its consolidated subsidiaries (the "Company") prior to the completion of the Company's initial public offering on April 28, 2015 and certain of its formation transactions, which occurred on or subsequent to April 28, 2015. As a result, the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this report are not necessarily indicative of subsequent results of operations, cash flows or financial position of the Company.
 
 
 
 
 


1


NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
 
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FORM 10-Q
 
 
Page
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
Financial Statements
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2015 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2014
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 (Unaudited)
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 (Unaudited)
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015 (Unaudited)
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 (Unaudited)
 
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
ITEM 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
ITEM 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
ITEM 4.
Controls and Procedures
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
Legal Proceedings
ITEM 1A.
Risk Factors
ITEM 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
ITEM 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
ITEM 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
ITEM 5.
Other Information
ITEM 6.
Exhibits
Signatures
 



2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. Financial Statements

NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

 
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
2015
 
2014
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Real estate
 
 
 
Self storage properties
$
1,077,801

 
$
838,941

Less accumulated depreciation
(59,881
)
 
(39,614
)
Self storage properties, net
1,017,920

 
799,327

Cash and cash equivalents
6,786

 
9,009

Restricted cash
3,794

 
2,120

Debt issuance costs, net
5,203

 
6,346

Other assets, net
10,989

 
15,944

Total assets
$
1,044,692

 
$
832,746

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
Debt financing
$
495,981

 
$
597,691

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
16,617

 
10,012

Distributions payable
12,975

 
6,763

Deferred revenue
5,313

 
4,176

Total liabilities
530,886

 
618,642

Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)

 

Equity
 
 
 
Common shares of beneficial interest, par value $0.01 per share. 250,000,000 and 1,000 shares authorized, 23,017,210 and 1,000 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively
230

 

Additional paid-in capital
234,818

 

Retained earnings
10

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

Total shareholders' equity
235,058

 

Noncontrolling interests
278,748

 
214,104

Total equity
513,806

 
214,104

Total liabilities and equity
$
1,044,692

 
$
832,746



See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
REVENUE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental revenue
$
34,600

 
$
20,274

 
$
92,650

 
$
48,923

Other property-related revenue
1,078

 
589

 
2,969

 
1,316

Total revenue
35,678

 
20,863

 
95,619

 
50,239

OPERATING EXPENSES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property operating expenses
12,000

 
7,710

 
32,668

 
18,665

General and administrative expenses
4,056

 
2,315

 
11,856

 
5,449

Depreciation and amortization
10,341

 
6,777

 
30,192

 
15,311

Total operating expenses
26,397

 
16,802

 
74,716

 
39,425

Income from operations
9,281

 
4,061

 
20,903

 
10,814

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(4,246
)
 
(5,459
)
 
(16,052
)
 
(15,628
)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 

 
(914
)
 
(1,020
)
Acquisition costs
(2,874
)
 
(3,092
)
 
(4,192
)
 
(8,363
)
Organizational and offering expenses

 
(539
)
 
(58
)
 
(1,216
)
Non-operating (expense) income
(52
)
 
3

 
(256
)
 

Gain on sale of self storage properties

 
1

 

 
1,427

Other income (expense)
(7,172
)
 
(9,086
)
 
(21,472
)
 
(24,800
)
Net income (loss)
2,109

 
(5,025
)
 
(569
)
 
(13,986
)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
2,263

 
5,025

 
8,405

 
13,986

Net income (loss) attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust
$
4,372

 
$

 
$
7,836

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) per share - basic
$
0.19

 
$

 
$
0.61

 
$

Earnings (loss) per share - diluted
$
0.03

 
$

 
$
0.06

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic
23,000

 
1

 
12,924

 
1

Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted
63,456

 
1

 
38,758

 
1

Dividends declared per common share
0.19

 

 
0.34

 



See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Net income (loss)
$
2,109

 
$
(5,025
)
 
$
(569
)
 
$
(13,986
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized (loss) gain on derivative contracts
(1,258
)
 
219

 
(2,528
)
 
(1,033
)
Reclassification of other comprehensive loss to interest expense
407

 
388

 
1,182

 
669

Comprehensive income (loss)
1,258

 
(4,418
)
 
(1,915
)
 
(14,350
)
Comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
3,114

 
4,418

 
9,751

 
14,350

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust
$
4,372

 
$

 
$
7,836

 
$


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(dollars in thousands, except share amounts)
(Unaudited)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
Other
 
 
 
 
 
Common Shares
 
Paid-in
 
Retained
 
Comprehensive
 
Noncontrolling
 
Total
 
Number
 
Amount
 
Capital
 
Earnings
 
Loss
 
Interests
 
Equity
Balances at December 31, 2014
1,000

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
214,104

 
$
214,104

OP equity issuances in business combinations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
OP units and subordinated performance units

 

 

 

 

 
42,113

 
42,113

Noncontrolling interests in acquired subsidiaries

 

 

 

 

 
15,097

 
15,097

Redemption of common shares
(1,000
)
 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common shares, net of offering costs
23,000,000

 
230

 
270,726

 

 

 

 
270,956

Effect of changes in ownership for consolidated entities

 

 
(35,946
)
 

 

 
35,946

 

Equity-based compensation expense

 

 
38

 

 

 
2,337

 
2,375

Issuance of LTIP units for acquisition expenses

 

 

 

 

 
1,020

 
1,020

Issuance of restricted common shares
17,210

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reduction in receivables from partners of OP

 

 

 

 

 
1,263

 
1,263

Common share dividends

 

 

 
(7,826
)
 

 

 
(7,826
)
Distributions to limited partners of OP

 

 

 

 

 
(23,381
)
 
(23,381
)
Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 

 
(1,346
)
 
(1,346
)
Net income (loss)

 

 

 
7,836

 

 
(8,405
)
 
(569
)
Balances at September 30, 2015
23,017,210

 
$
230

 
$
234,818

 
$
10

 
$

 
$
278,748

 
$
513,806


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(569
)
 
$
(13,986
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
30,192

 
15,311

Amortization of debt issuance costs
2,121

 
1,806

Amortization of debt discount and premium, net
(1,260
)
 
867

Loss on debt extinguishment
414

 
344

Unrealized (gain) loss on fair value of derivatives
68

 
142

Gain on sale of self storage properties

 
(1,426
)
Issuance of subordinated performance units for related party payable

 
2,994

LTIP units issued for acquisition expenses
1,020

 

Equity-based compensation expense
2,375

 
1,000

Change in assets and liabilities, net of effects of business combinations:
 
 
 
Restricted cash
(864
)
 
706

Other assets
(714
)
 
(69
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
4,861

 
3,926

Deferred revenue
(88
)
 
(427
)
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
37,556

 
11,188

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Acquisition of self storage properties
(132,196
)
 
(165,904
)
Capital expenditures
(2,985
)
 
(2,688
)
Note receivable from PROs

 
(12,813
)
Deposits and advances for self storage property acquisitions
(3,258
)
 
(1,096
)
Expenditures for corporate furniture, equipment and other
(291
)
 
(121
)
Change in restricted cash designated for capital expenditures
219

 
237

Proceeds from sale of self storage properties

 
2,993

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities
(138,511
)
 
(179,392
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of common shares in IPO
278,070

 

Borrowings under debt financings
173,943

 
318,424

Proceeds from issuance of OP units

 
431

Receipts for OP unit subscriptions
1,011

 

Collection of receivables from issuance of OP equity
774

 

Principal payments under debt financings
(324,247
)
 
(143,634
)
Payment of dividends to common shareholders
(3,453
)
 

Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(20,112
)
 
(7,189
)
NSA Predecessor distributions and other

 
(429
)
Change in restricted cash for financing activity
(167
)
 

Payment received on partner receivable

 
70

Debt issuance costs
(1,717
)
 
(904
)
Equity offering costs
(5,370
)
 
(524
)
Net Cash Provided by Financing Activities
98,732

 
166,245

Decrease in Cash and Cash Equivalents
(2,223
)
 
(1,959
)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
 
 
Beginning of period
9,009

 
11,196

End of period
$
6,786

 
$
9,237


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

7


NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (CONTINUED)
(dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)


 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
Supplemental Cash Flow Information
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
15,719

 
$
30,825

Supplemental Disclosure of Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities
 
 
 
Consideration exchanged in business combinations:
 
 
 
Issuance of OP units and subordinated performance units
$
42,113

 
$
113,784

Deposits on acquisitions applied to purchase price
745

 
50

LTIP units vesting upon acquisition of properties

 
3,374

Assumption of mortgages payable
49,855

 
59,488

Note payable to related party to settle assumed mortgages
5,342

 

Other net liabilities assumed
870

 
2,302

OP units in exchange for receivable from seller

 
4,758

Notes receivable settled upon acquisition of properties
1,778

 
7,598

Fair value of noncontrolling interests in acquired subsidiaries
15,097

 
35,442

Issuance of OP units for settlement of subscription liability
293

 
5,863

Settlement of acquisition receivables from distributions
1,137

 

Increase in lender participation liability and related discount

 
770

(Decrease) increase in payables for deferred offering costs
(1,342
)
 
1,011

Settlement of debt issuance costs from borrowings

 
3,851

Settlement of offering costs from IPO proceeds
20,930

 


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

8


NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
September 30, 2015
(Unaudited)






1. ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF OPERATIONS
National Storage Affiliates Trust was organized in the state of Maryland on May 16, 2013 and is a fully integrated, self-administered and self-managed real estate investment trust focused on the self storage sector. As used herein, "NSA," the "Company," "we," "our," and "us" refers to National Storage Affiliates Trust and its consolidated subsidiaries, except where the context indicates otherwise. The Company intends to elect and qualify as a real estate investment trust ("REIT") for U.S. federal income tax purposes commencing with its taxable year ending December 31, 2015.
Through our controlling interest as the sole general partner of NSA OP, LP (our "operating partnership"), a Delaware limited partnership formed on February 13, 2013, we are focused on the ownership, operation, and acquisition of self storage properties in the United States. Pursuant to the Agreement of Limited Partnership (as amended, the "LP Agreement") of our operating partnership, our operating partnership is authorized to issue Class A Units ("OP units"), different series of Class B Units ("subordinated performance units"), and Long-Term Incentive Plan Units ("LTIP units"). We also own certain of our self storage properties through other consolidated limited partnership subsidiaries of our operating partnership, which we refer to as "DownREIT partnerships." The DownREIT partnerships issue equity ownership interests that are intended to be economically equivalent to our OP units ("DownREIT OP units") and subordinated performance units ("DownREIT subordinated performance units").
The Company completed its initial public offering on April 28, 2015, pursuant to which it sold 20,000,000 shares of the Company's common shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value per share ("common shares"), at a price of $13.00 per share. As part of the offering, the Company granted the underwriters an option to purchase up to 3,000,000 additional common shares within thirty days after the offering. The underwriters exercised their option and, on May 18, 2015, purchased an additional 3,000,000 common shares. These transactions resulted in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $278.1 million, after deducting the underwriting discount and before additional expenses associated with the offering.
The Company contributed the net proceeds from its initial public offering to our operating partnership in exchange for 23,000,000 OP units. OP Units are the economic equivalent of the Company's common shares and for each common share issued by the Company, our operating partnership issues a corresponding OP Unit to NSA in exchange for the contribution of the proceeds from the share issuances. Immediately prior to the completion of our initial public offering on April 28, 2015, we redeemed 1,000 common shares held by National Storage Affiliates Holdings, LLC ("Holdings"), an entity formed on February 13, 2013, for no consideration. Prior to this redemption, the Company was 100% owned by Holdings and the only assets of Holdings were 126,400 OP units and 1,000 common shares.
The Company owned 261 self storage properties in 16 states with approximately 14.8 million rentable square feet in approximately 115,000 storage units as of September 30, 2015. These properties are managed with local operational focus and expertise by our participating regional operators ("PROs"). These PROs are SecurCare Self Storage, Inc. and its controlled affiliates ("SecurCare"), Kevin Howard Real Estate Inc., d/b/a Northwest Self Storage and its controlled affiliates ("Northwest"), Optivest Properties LLC and its controlled affiliates ("Optivest"), Guardian Storage Centers LLC and its controlled affiliates ("Guardian"), Move It Self Storage and its controlled affiliates ("Move It"), and Arizona Mini Storage Management Company d/b/a Storage Solutions and its controlled affiliates ("Storage Solutions").
2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are presented on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") and have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") regarding interim financial reporting. Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements have been condensed or omitted in accordance with such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the consolidated financial statements have been included.


9


Principles of Consolidation
The Company's financial statements include the accounts of our operating partnership and its controlled subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidation of entities.
When the Company obtains an economic interest in an entity, the Company evaluates the entity to determine if the entity is deemed a variable interest entity ("VIE"), and if the Company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary, in accordance with authoritative guidance issued on the consolidation of VIEs. When an entity is not deemed to be a VIE, the Company considers the provisions of additional guidance to determine whether the general partner controls a limited partnership or similar entity when the limited partners have certain rights. The Company consolidates (i) entities that are VIEs and of which the Company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary, and (ii) entities that are non-VIEs which the Company controls and which limited partners lack both substantive participating rights and the ability to dissolve or remove the Company without cause.
Noncontrolling Interests
All of the limited partner equity interests in our operating partnership not held by the Company are reflected as noncontrolling interests. Noncontrolling interests also include ownership interests in DownREIT partnerships held by entities other than our operating partnership. In the consolidated statements of operations, we allocate net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests to arrive at net income (loss) attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust.
For transactions that result in changes to the Company's ownership interest in our operating partnership, the carrying amount of noncontrolling interests is adjusted to reflect such changes. The difference between the fair value of the consideration received or paid and the amount by which the noncontrolling interest is adjusted is reflected as an adjustment to additional paid-in capital on the consolidated balance sheets.
Reclassifications     
Certain amounts in the financial statements and related notes have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. Such reclassifications do not impact our previously reported financial position or net income (loss).
Allocation of Net Income (Loss)
The distribution rights and priorities set forth in our operating partnership's LP Agreement differ from what is reflected by the underlying percentage ownership interests of the unitholders. Accordingly, we allocate GAAP income (loss) utilizing the hypothetical liquidation at book value ("HLBV") method, in which we allocate income or loss based on the change in each unitholders’ claim on the net assets of our operating partnership at period end after adjusting for any distributions or contributions made during such period. The HLBV method is commonly applied to equity investments where cash distribution percentages vary at different points in time and are not directly linked to an equity holder’s ownership percentage.
The HLBV method is a balance sheet-focused approach. A calculation is prepared at each balance sheet date to determine the amount that unitholders would receive if our operating partnership were to liquidate all of its assets (at GAAP net book value) and distribute the resulting proceeds to its creditors and unitholders based on the contractually defined liquidation priorities. The difference between the calculated liquidation distribution amounts at the beginning and the end of the reporting period, after adjusting for capital contributions and distributions, is used to derive each unitholder's share of the income (loss) for the period. Due to the stated liquidation priorities and because the HLBV method incorporates non-cash items such as depreciation expense, in any given period, income or loss may be allocated disproportionately to unitholders as compared to their respective ownership percentage in our operating partnership, and net income (loss) attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust could be more or less net income than actual cash distributions received and more or less income or loss than what may be received in the event of an actual liquidation. Additionally, the HLBV method could result in net income attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust during a period when the Company reports a consolidated net loss, or net income attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust in excess of the Company's consolidated net income.


10


Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
We have cash flow hedge derivative instruments that are measured at fair value with unrealized gains or losses recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) with a corresponding adjustment to accumulated other comprehensive loss within equity, as discussed further in Note 11. Under the HLBV method of allocating income (loss) discussed above, a calculation is prepared at each balance sheet date by applying the HLBV method including, and excluding, the assets and liabilities resulting from our cash flow hedge derivative instruments to determine comprehensive income (loss) attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust. As a result of the distribution rights and priorities set forth in our operating partnership's LP Agreement, all amounts of consolidated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 were allocated to noncontrolling interests, as presented within the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive income or loss.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. ASU 2014-09 will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in GAAP when it becomes effective. ASU 2014-09 is effective for the Company on January 1, 2018, with early application permitted for the Company on January 1, 2017. ASU 2014-09 permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2014-09 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. The Company has not yet selected a transition method nor has it determined the effect of the standard on its ongoing financial reporting.
In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-02, Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis, which modifies the current consolidation guidance. The Company is required to adopt ASU 2015-02 for annual and interim financial statements issued for the year ending December 31, 2016. Upon adoption by the Company, ASU 2015-02 permits the use of either the modified retrospective or cumulative effect transition method. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the provisions of ASU 2015-02 on its consolidation policies as well as the transition method to be used to implement ASU 2015-02.
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Interest—Imputation of Interest, which requires the presentation of debt issuance costs as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the related debt liabilities. The Company does not expect ASU 2015-03 to have a material impact on the Company's results from operations, however, adoption will result in the elimination of debt issuance costs as an asset and a corresponding reduction in the carrying amount of the Company's debt financings applied retrospectively to all periods. The Company is required to adopt this ASU for annual and interim financial statements issued for the year ending December 31, 2016. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2015-03 will have on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In September 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-16, Business Combinations—Simplifying the Accounting for Measurement-Period Adjustments, which requires an acquirer of a business to recognize adjustments to provisional amounts that are identified during the business combination's measurement period in the reporting period in which the adjustment amounts are determined rather than retrospectively. ASU 2015-16 is effective for the Company on January 1, 2016, with early application permitted. The Company elected to adopt ASU 2015-16 during the three months ended September 30, 2015.


11


3. NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS
As of September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, noncontrolling interests consisted of the following:
 
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
2015
 
2014
OP units
21,470,876

 
18,817,088

Subordinated performance units
9,302,989

 
8,447,679

LTIP units
2,784,761

 
2,689,780

DownREIT units
 
 
 
DownREIT OP units
1,442,466

 
1,275,979

DownREIT subordinated performance units
4,352,488

 
3,009,884

Total
39,353,580

 
34,240,410

While the Company controls our operating partnership and manages the daily operations of our operating partnership's business, the Company did not have an ownership interest or share in our operating partnership's profits and losses prior to the completion of the Company's initial public offering. The increase in OP Units, DownREIT OP units, subordinated performance units, and DownREIT subordinated performance units outstanding from December 31, 2014 to September 30, 2015 was related to the acquisition of self storage properties and a centralized call center. The increase in LTIP units outstanding from December 31, 2014 to September 30, 2015 was due to the issuance of compensatory LTIP units to third party consultants, employees and a PRO.
4. SELF STORAGE PROPERTIES
Self storage properties are summarized as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Land
$
296,542

 
$
236,691

Buildings and improvements
779,078

 
600,284

Furniture and equipment
2,181

 
1,966

Total self storage properties
1,077,801

 
838,941

Less accumulated depreciation
(59,881
)
 
(39,614
)
Self storage properties, net
$
1,017,920

 
$
799,327



12


5. SELF STORAGE PROPERTY ACQUISITIONS
The Company acquired 42 self storage properties with an estimated fair value of $242.7 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2015. Of these acquisitions, 11 self storage properties with an estimated fair value of $71.3 million were acquired by us from our PROs, and 13 self storage properties with an estimated fair value of $65.3 million were acquired by us from an entity which is managed by a member of our board of trustees. These self storage property acquisitions were accounted for as business combinations whereby the Company recognized the estimated fair value of the acquired assets and assumed liabilities on the respective dates of such acquisitions. The Company preliminarily allocated the total purchase price to the estimated fair value of tangible and intangible assets acquired, and liabilities assumed. The Company allocated a portion of the purchase price to identifiable intangible assets consisting of customer in-place leases which were recorded at estimated fair value of $6.6 million, resulting in a total fair value of $236.1 million allocated to real estate.
The following table summarizes, by calendar quarter, the consideration for the business combinations completed by the Company during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 (dollars in thousands):
Acquisitions Closed During the Three Months Ended:
 
 
 
Summary of Consideration
 
 
Number of Properties
 
 
 
Value of OP Equity (1)
 
Settlement of Note Receivable
 
Liabilities Assumed (Assets Acquired)
 
 
 
 
 
Cash
 
 
 
Mortgages(2)
 
Other
 
Total
 
March 31, 2015
 
6
 
$
6,991

 
$
8,954

 
$
1,778

 
$
16,442

 
$
70

 
$
34,235

(3) 
June 30, 2015
 
21
 
41,277

 
22,971

 

 
30,547

 
288

 
95,083

 
September 30, 2015
 
15
 
84,673

 
10,188

 

 
2,866

 
512

 
98,239

(3) 
Total
 
42
 
$
132,941

 
$
42,113

 
$
1,778

 
$
49,855

 
$
870

 
$
227,557

 
(1) 
Value of OP equity represents the fair value of OP units and subordinated performance units. 
(2) 
Includes fair value of debt adjustment for assumed mortgages of approximately $2.2 million.  
(3) 
Excludes the fair value of noncontrolling interests associated with self storage properties acquired in DownREIT partnerships which amounted to $6.8 million and $8.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and September 30, 2015, respectively. We estimate the portion of the fair value of the net assets owned by noncontrolling interests based on the fair value of the real estate and debt assumed. 
Three of the 42 self storage properties acquired during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 are subject to non-cancelable leasehold interest agreements that are classified as operating leases. These lease agreements expire between 2034 and 2051, inclusive of extension options that we anticipate exercising.
The results of operations for these business combinations are included in our statements of operations beginning on the respective closing date for each acquisition. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, the accompanying statements of operations includes aggregate revenue of $5.9 million and $10.4 million, respectively, and operating income of $3.7 million and $6.3 million, respectively, related to the 42 self storage properties acquired. Acquisition costs in the accompanying statements of operations include consulting fees, transaction expenses, and other costs related to business combinations, which amounted to $2.9 million and $4.2 million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively.
Pro Forma Financial Information
The pro forma financial information set forth below reflects adjustments to the historical data of the Company to give effect to the acquisitions and related financing activities for (i) 14 of the 15 self storage properties discussed in Note 12 that were acquired subsequent to September 30, 2015, as if each acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2014 (pro forma financial information is not presented for one of the self storage properties acquired subsequent to September 30, 2015 because the information required is not available to the Company), (ii) one of the 15 self storage properties acquired during the three months ended September 30, 2015, as if the acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2014 (pro forma financial information is not presented for 14 of the self storage properties acquired during the three months ended September 30, 2015 since the information required is not available to the Company), (iii) each of the 21 self storage properties that were acquired during the three months ended June 30, 2015, as if each acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2014, and (iii) each of the six self storage properties that were acquired during the three months ended March 31, 2015, as if each acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2014 (five of the six properties acquired during the three months ended March 31, 2015 were acquired on January 1, 2015 and are therefore included in the historical results for the entirety of the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015).


13


As described in greater detail above, given that certain information with respect to the self storage properties we acquired during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and subsequent to September 30, 2015 is not available to the Company, readers of this Form 10-Q and investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on our pro forma financial information. The pro forma information presented below does not purport to represent what the actual results of operations would have been for the periods indicated, nor does it purport to represent the Company's future results of operations. The following table summarizes on a pro forma basis the results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 (dollars in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Pro forma revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Historical results
$
35,678

 
$
20,863

 
$
95,619

 
$
50,239

Acquisitions subsequent to September 30, 2015 (1)
1,741

 
1,598

 
5,058

 
4,476

Acquisitions during the three months ended September 30, 2015 (2)
109

 
172

 
537

 
462

Acquisitions during the three months ended June 30, 2015

 
2,794

 
3,782

 
8,009

Acquisitions during the three months ended March 31, 2015

 
1,246

 
86

 
3,689

Total
$
37,528

 
$
26,673

 
$
105,082

 
$
66,875

Pro forma net income (loss): (3)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Historical results
$
2,109

 
$
(5,025
)
 
$
(569
)
 
$
(13,986
)
Acquisitions subsequent to September 30, 2015 (1)
435

 
(181
)
 
1,308

 
(737
)
Acquisitions during the three months ended September 30, 2015 (2)
53

 
(26
)
 
3,047

 
(3,052
)
Acquisitions during the three months ended June 30, 2015
472

 
50

 
2,764

 
(1,287
)
Acquisitions during the three months ended March 31, 2015
317

 
(156
)
 
1,525

 
(1,147
)
Total
$
3,386

 
$
(5,338
)
 
$
8,075

 
$
(20,209
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) 
Reflects 14 of the 15 self storage properties acquired during this period because the information required with respect to the one remaining acquisition during this period is not available to the Company. 
(2) 
Reflects one of the 15 self storage properties acquired during this period because the information required with respect to the 14 remaining acquisitions during this period is not available to the Company. 
(3) 
Significant assumptions and adjustments in preparation of the pro forma information include the following: (i) for the cash portion of the purchase price, the Company assumed borrowings under the Company's revolving line of credit with interest computed based on the effective interest rate of 1.79% as of September 30, 2015; (ii) for assumed debt financing directly associated with the acquisition of specific self storage properties, interest was computed for the entirety of the periods presented using the effective interest rates under such financings; and (iii) for acquisition costs of $4.2 million incurred during the nine months ended September 30, 2015, pro forma adjustments give effect to these costs as if they were incurred on January 1, 2014. 


14


6. OTHER ASSETS
Other assets consist of the following (dollars in thousands):
 
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Customer in-place leases, net of accumulated amortization of $4,517 and $5,469, respectively
$
4,530

 
$
7,700

Receivables:
 
 
 
Trade, net
1,041

 
979

PROs and other affiliates
199

 
416

Note receivable from PRO

 
1,778

Property acquisition deposits
3,283

 
770

Prepaid expenses and other
1,509

 
1,017

Corporate furniture, equipment and other, net
427

 
198

Deferred offering costs

 
3,086

Total
$
10,989

 
$
15,944

7. DEBT FINANCING
The Company's outstanding debt as of September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 is summarized as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
Interest
 
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
Rate (1)
 
2015
 
2014
Credit Facility:
 
 
 
 
 
Revolving line of credit
1.79%
 
$
111,975

 
$
166,217

Term loan
2.75%
 
200,000

 
144,558

Unsecured term loan
 

 
50,000

Fixed rate mortgages payable
3.93%
 
184,006

 
153,416

Variable rate mortgages payable
 

 
83,500

Total
 
 
$
495,981

 
$
597,691


(1) 
Represents the effective interest rate as of September 30, 2015. Effective interest rate incorporates the stated rate plus the impact of interest rate cash flow hedges and discount and premium amortization, if applicable. For the revolving line of credit, the effective interest rate excludes fees for unused borrowings. 
Credit Facility
On August 13, 2015, the Company entered into an amendment with a syndicated group of lenders consisting of 11 financial institutions to increase the total borrowing capacity under its unsecured credit facility (the "credit facility"), which was originally entered into on April 1, 2014, by $125.0 million for a total credit facility of $550.0 million. The Company has an additional expansion option under the credit facility, which if exercised, would provide for a total borrowing capacity of $700.0 million. The credit facility consists of two components:
A senior revolving credit facility (the "revolving line of credit"), which provides for a total borrowing commitment up to $350.0 million, whereby the Company may borrow, repay and re-borrow amounts under the revolving line of credit. The borrowing commitment is subject to a borrowing base calculation, which only includes self storage properties with an occupancy rate of at least 75% on a combined basis. As of September 30, 2015, we had the capacity to borrow $238.0 million, subject to the borrowing base calculation. The Company is required to pay a fee which ranges from 0.20% to 0.25% of unused borrowings under the revolving line of credit. As of September 30, 2015, the pricing grid under the revolving line of credit provides for an interest rate equal to one-month London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") plus 1.60%. The revolving line of credit matures in March 2017 and the Company may elect an extension of the maturity date until


15


March 2018 by paying an extension fee equal to 0.20% of the total borrowing commitment at the time of the extension.
A $200.0 million senior term loan (the "term loan") which provides that amounts borrowed may be repaid at any time but not re-borrowed. As of September 30, 2015, the pricing grid under the term loan provides for an interest rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus 1.50%. No principal payments are required under the term loan until the maturity date in March 2018.
The terms of the credit facility limit the Company's ability to make distributions, incur additional debt, and acquire or sell significant assets. The credit facility requires compliance with certain financial and non-financial covenants, including a maximum total leverage ratio, a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, and minimum net worth, which were not impacted by the increase amendment discussed above. At September 30, 2015, we were in compliance with all such covenants.
Unsecured Term Loan
On April 1, 2014, the Company entered into a senior unsecured term loan (the "unsecured term loan") with a syndicated group of lenders consisting of three financial institutions. The unsecured term loan provided for maximum borrowings of $50.0 million. The loan originally matured on April 1, 2015 but was extended until October 1, 2015 in exchange for a prescribed fee of $250,000. There was a mandatory repayment of this loan upon the occurrence of a capital event (such as completion of the Company's initial public offering) as defined in the loan agreement, and following the completion of our initial public offering, we used a portion of the net proceeds from our initial public offering to repay the $50.0 million unsecured term loan. The repayment resulted in a $0.2 million write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs. Prior to the repayment, payments were limited to interest only, to be paid on a monthly basis, and the outstanding principal balance bore interest at one-month LIBOR plus 5.00%.
Fixed Rate Mortgages Payable
Fixed rate mortgages have scheduled maturities at various dates through November 2024, and have effective interest rates that range from 2.20% to 5.00%. Principal and interest are generally payable monthly or in monthly interest-only payments with balloon payments due at maturity. As discussed in Note 5, we assumed fixed rate mortgages of $49.9 million in connection with 17 of the properties acquired during the nine months ended September 30, 2015. We repaid $11.0 million of these assumed mortgages during the nine months ended September 30, 2015.
Variable Rate Mortgages Payable
Variable rate mortgages had contractual maturities at various dates through October 2015, and had effective interest rates that ranged from 2.43% to 9.65%. Following the completion of our initial public offering during the three months ended June 30, 2015, we used a portion of the net proceeds from our initial public offering to repay all $83.5 million of the outstanding variable rate mortgages. In connection with the repayments, the Company incurred a $0.5 million prepayment penalty and recorded a $0.2 million write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs. Prior to the repayment, principal and interest on this debt was generally payable in monthly interest-only payments with balloon payments due at maturity.



16


8. EARNINGS PER SHARE
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per common share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively (in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Earnings (loss) per common share - basic and diluted
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Numerator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
2,109

 
$
(5,025
)
 
$
(569
)
 
$
(13,986
)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
2,263

 
5,025

 
8,405

 
13,986

Net income (loss) attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust
4,372

 

 
7,836

 

Distributed and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities
(3
)
 

 
(6
)
 

Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders - basic
4,369

 

 
7,830

 

Effect of assumed conversion of dilutive securities
(2,275
)
 

 
(5,646
)
 

Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders - diluted
$
2,094

 
$

 
$
2,184

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic
23,000

 
1

 
12,924

 
1

Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average OP units outstanding
21,109

 

 
13,773

 

Weighted average DownREIT OP unit equivalents outstanding
1,432

 

 
949

 

Weighted average LTIP units outstanding
1,844

 

 
1,030

 

Subordinated performance units and DownREIT subordinated performance unit equivalents
16,071

 

 
10,082

 

Weighted average shares outstanding - diluted
63,456

 
1

 
38,758

 
1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) per share - basic
$
0.19

 
$

 
$
0.61

 
$

Earnings (loss) per share - diluted
$
0.03

 
$

 
$
0.06

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As discussed in Note 3, the Company did not have an ownership interest or share in our operating partnership's profits and losses prior to the completion of the Company's initial public offering. As a result, all of our operating partnership's profits and losses for the period from January 1, 2015 to April 28, 2015 and the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 were allocated to noncontrolling interests.
Outstanding equity interests of our operating partnership and DownREIT partnerships are considered potential common shares for purposes of calculating diluted earnings (loss) per share as the unitholders may, through the exercise of redemption rights, obtain common shares, subject to various restrictions. Basic earnings per share is calculated based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by further adjusting for the dilutive impact using the treasury stock method for unvested LTIP units subject to a service condition outstanding during the period and the if-converted method for any convertible securities outstanding during the period.


17


Generally, following certain lock-out periods, OP units in our operating partnership are redeemable for cash or, at our option, exchangeable for common shares on a one-for-one basis, subject to certain adjustments and DownREIT OP units are redeemable for cash or, at our option, exchangeable for OP units in our operating partnership on a one-for-one basis, subject to certain adjustments in each case.
LTIP units may also, under certain circumstances, be convertible into OP units, which are exchangeable for common shares as described above. Certain LTIP units vested prior to or upon the completion of the Company's initial public offering and certain LTIP units will vest upon the satisfaction of a future service condition. Vested LTIP units and unvested LTIP units that vest based on a service condition are allocated income or loss in a similar manner as OP units. Unvested LTIP units subject to a service condition are evaluated for dilution using the treasury stock method. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, 364,817 unvested LTIP units that vest based on a service condition are excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per share as they are not dilutive to earnings (loss) per share. In addition, certain LTIP units vest upon the future acquisition of properties sourced by PROs. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, 522,900 unvested LTIP units that vest upon the future acquisition of properties are excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per share because the contingency for the units to vest has not been attained as of the end of the reported periods.
Subordinated performance units may also, under certain circumstances, be convertible into OP units which are exchangeable for common shares as described above, and DownREIT subordinated performance units may, under certain circumstances, be exchangeable for subordinated performance units on a one-for-one basis. Subordinated performance units are only convertible into OP units, after a two year lock-out period and then generally (i) at the holder’s election only upon the achievement of certain performance thresholds relating to the properties to which such subordinated performance units relate or (ii) at our election upon a retirement event of a PRO that holds such subordinated performance units or upon certain qualifying terminations.
Although subordinated performance units and DownREIT subordinated performance units may only be convertible after a two year lock-out period, we assume a hypothetical conversion of each subordinated performance unit (including each DownREIT subordinated performance unit) into OP units (with subsequently assumed redemption into common shares) for the purposes of calculating diluted weighted average common shares. This hypothetical conversion is calculated using historical financial information prior to and since the completion of the Company's initial public offering on April 28, 2015, and as a result, is not necessarily indicative of the subsequent results of operations, cash flows or financial position of the Company following the initial public offering or upon expiration of the two-year lock out period on conversions.
Participating securities, which consist of unvested restricted common shares, receive dividends equal to those received by common shares. The effect of participating securities for the periods presented above is calculated using the two-class method of allocating distributed and undistributed earnings.
9. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
Supervisory and Administrative Fees
The Company has entered into asset management agreements with the PROs to continue providing leasing, operating, supervisory and administrative services related to the self storage properties contributed by and acquired from the PROs. The PROs are the same entities that provided similar services prior to the respective dates that the self storage properties were contributed to or acquired by the Company. The asset management agreements generally provide for fees ranging from 5% to 6% of gross revenue for the managed self storage properties. During the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, the Company incurred $2.0 million and $1.2 million, respectively, for supervisory and administrative fees to the PROs and during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, the Company incurred $5.4 million and $2.9 million, respectively, for supervisory and administrative fees to the PROs. Such fees are included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.


18


Affiliate Payroll Services
The employees responsible for operation of the self storage properties are employees of the PROs who charge the Company for the costs associated with the respective employees. For the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, the Company incurred $3.5 million and $2.4 million, respectively, for payroll and related costs reimbursable to these affiliates, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, the Company incurred $9.6 million and $5.7 million, respectively, for payroll and related costs reimbursable to these affiliates. Such costs are included in property operating expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Affiliate Call Center Services
On April 1, 2015, the Company acquired a centralized call center for 50,000 OP units from SecurCare, an affiliate of NSA Predecessor. Because the Company and SecurCare are under common control, the assets acquired and liabilities assumed were recorded at SecurCare's historical carrying value, which was a nominal amount as of the acquisition date. SecurCare continues to manage call center services to support self storage property operations and the fees paid to SecurCare for these services for the three months ended September 30, 2015 are included in the supervisory and administrative fees discussed above. The call center utilizes approximately 1,500 square feet in one of the Company's self storage properties acquired from NSA Predecessor for annual rent of approximately $25,000.
Prior to the acquisition, for the three months ended September 30, 2014, the Company incurred call center charges of $0.1 million, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, the Company incurred call center charges of $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively. Such call center costs are included in property operating expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Brokerage Fees
During the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, the Company incurred fees of $0.3 million in connection with its acquisition of certain self-storage properties which were sourced by the PROs and during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 the Company incurred fees of $0.4 million and $0.3 million, respectively, in connection with its acquisition of certain self-storage properties which were sourced by the PROs. These expenses are included in acquisition costs in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
In connection with self-storage properties contributed by NSA Predecessor, during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 the Company recognized a $2.7 million contractually obligated transaction expense payable to SecurCare, an affiliate of NSA Predecessor. In April 2014, the Company issued subordinated performance units in full payment of this amount.
Notes Receivable
In connection with the planned acquisition of certain self storage properties, the Company made a bridge loan of approximately $8.0 million to a PRO on July 1, 2014. This loan did not bear interest and was repaid as the related self storage properties were acquired. Through December 31, 2014, 13 of the self storage properties had been acquired and bridge loan advances totaling $6.2 million were applied to offset the acquisition consideration otherwise payable by the Company. As of December 31, 2014, the bridge loan balance of $1.8 million is included in other assets in the accompanying balance sheet. In January 2015, the remaining balance of the bridge loan was applied to offset the acquisition consideration otherwise payable by the Company related to two self storage property acquisitions.
Notes Payable
During the nine months ended September 30, 2015, in connection with the acquisition of self storage properties owned in DownREIT partnerships, the Company entered into bridge loan agreements for $5.3 million payable to principals of the PRO that contributed the properties. The notes bore interest at a weighted average fixed rate of 3.3% and were fully repaid during the nine months ended September 30, 2015.
10. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Legal Proceedings
The Company is subject to litigation, claims, and assessments that may arise in the ordinary course of its business activities. Such matters include contractual matters, employment related issues, and regulatory proceedings. Although occasional adverse decisions or settlements may occur, the Company believes that the final disposition of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial position, results of operations, or liquidity.


19


11. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Recurring Fair Value Measurements
We sometimes limit our exposure to interest rate fluctuations by entering into interest rate swap or cap agreements. The interest rate swap agreements moderate our exposure to interest rate risk by effectively converting the interest on variable rate debt to a fixed rate. The interest rate cap agreements effectively limit our exposure to interest rate risk by providing a ceiling on the underlying variable interest rate. Our interest rate cap agreements are not material to our financial position and results of operations.
We measure our interest rate swap derivatives at fair value on a recurring basis. The effective portion of changes in the fair value of derivatives designated and that qualify as cash flow hedges are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss and are subsequently reclassified into earnings in the period that the hedged transaction affects earnings. The ineffective portion of the change in fair value of the derivatives is recognized directly into earnings. During the nine months ended September 30, 2015, the ineffective portion recorded in earnings was insignificant. Information regarding our interest rate swaps measured at fair value, which are classified within Level 2 of the GAAP fair value hierarchy, is presented below (dollars in thousands):
 
Interest Rate Swaps Designated as Cash Flow Hedges
 
Non-hedge accounting Interest Rate Swaps
 
Total
Fair value at December 31, 2013
$

 
$
70

 
$
70

Unrealized losses included in interest expense

 
(142
)
 
(142
)
Losses on interest rate swaps reclassified into interest expense from accumulated other comprehensive loss
669

 

 
669

Unrealized losses included in accumulated other comprehensive loss
(1,033
)
 

 
(1,033
)
Fair value at September 30, 2014
$
(364
)
 
$
(72
)
 
$
(436
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fair value at December 31, 2014
$
(865
)
 
$
(207
)
 
$
(1,072
)
Unrealized losses included in interest expense

 
(63
)
 
(63
)
Designation of interest rate swap as a cash flow hedge
(270
)
 
270

 

Losses on interest rate swaps reclassified into interest expense from accumulated other comprehensive loss
1,182

 

 
1,182

Unrealized losses included in accumulated other comprehensive loss
(2,528
)
 

 
(2,528
)
Fair value at September 30, 2015
$
(2,481
)
 
$

 
$
(2,481
)
As of December 31, 2014, the Company had outstanding interest rate swaps with aggregate notional amounts of $125.0 million designated as cash flow hedges and one interest rate swap with a notional amount of $7.6 million that was not designated as a cash flow hedge. During the three months ended September 30, 2015, the Company designated this interest rate swap as a cash flow hedge following the expansion of its credit facility. As of September 30, 2015, the Company had outstanding interest rate swaps with aggregate notional amounts of $132.4 million designated as cash flow hedges. In addition, during the three months ended September 30, 2015, the Company executed trades for two additional interest rate swaps with aggregate notional amounts of $67.0 million. These interest rate swaps have an effective date of October 1, 2015 and were designated as cash flow hedges.


20


As of September 30, 2015, the Company's swaps had a weighted average remaining term of 2.6 years. The fair value of these swaps are presented within accounts payable and accrued liabilities in our balance sheets, and we recognize any changes in the fair value as an adjustment of accumulated other comprehensive loss within equity to the extent of their effectiveness. If the forward rates at September 30, 2015 remain constant, we estimate that during the next 12 months, we would reclassify into earnings approximately $1.7 million of the unrealized losses included in accumulated other comprehensive loss. If market interest rates increase above the 1.25% weighted average fixed rate under these interest rate swaps we will benefit from net cash payments due to us from our counterparty to the interest rate swaps.
There were no transfers between levels during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014. For financial assets and liabilities that utilize Level 2 inputs, the Company utilizes both direct and indirect observable price quotes, including LIBOR yield curves. The Company uses valuation techniques for Level 2 financial assets and liabilities which include LIBOR yield curves at the reporting date as well as assessing counterparty credit risk. Counterparties to these contracts are highly rated financial institutions. Although the Company has determined that the majority of the inputs used to value its derivatives fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, the credit valuation adjustments associated with the Company's derivatives utilize Level 3 inputs, such as estimates of current credit spreads, to evaluate the likelihood of default by the Company and the counterparties. As of September 30, 2015, the Company determined that the effect of credit valuation adjustments on the overall valuation of its derivative positions are not significant to the overall valuation of its derivatives. Therefore, the Company has determined that its derivative valuations are appropriately classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
Fair Value Disclosures
The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, trade receivables, and accounts payable and accrued liabilities reflected in the balance sheets at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014, approximate fair value due to the short term nature of these financial assets and liabilities. The carrying value of variable rate debt financing reflected in the balance sheets at September 30, 2015 and December 31, 2014 approximates fair value as the changes in their associated interest rates reflect the current market and credit risk is similar to when the loans were originally obtained.
The fair values of fixed rate mortgages were estimated using the discounted estimated future cash payments to be made on such debt; the discount rates used approximated current market rates for loans, or groups of loans, with similar maturities and credit quality (categorized within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy). The combined carrying value of our fixed rate mortgages payable was approximately $184.0 million as of September 30, 2015 with a fair value of approximately $193.0 million. In determining the fair value, the Company estimated a weighted average market interest rate of approximately 3.16%, compared to the weighted average contractual interest rate of 5.10%. The combined carrying value of our fixed rate mortgages was approximately $153.4 million as of December 31, 2014 with a fair value of approximately $158.3 million. In determining the fair value as of December 31, 2014, the Company estimated a weighted average market interest rate of approximately 3.59%, compared to the weighted average contractual interest rate of 5.11%.
12. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
Self Storage Property Acquisitions
In October 2015, the Company acquired 15 self storage properties with an estimated fair value of approximately $67.8 million. Consideration for these acquisitions included approximately $36.7 million of net cash, the assumption and subsequent repayment of approximately $23.6 million in outstanding mortgage debt, and the vesting of approximately $1.4 million of LTIP units (consisting of approximately 99,000 of the 522,900 unvested LTIP units which vest upon the acquisition of properties). Certain of these self storage properties were acquired in DownREIT partnerships. The estimated fair value of noncontrolling interests associated with these partnerships was $6.1 million. Of these acquisitions, 14 were acquired by us from our PROs and one was acquired by us from a third-party seller.



21


ITEM 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Forward-Looking Statements
We make forward-looking statements in this report that are subject to risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements include information about possible or assumed future results of our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, plans and objectives. When we use the words "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "estimate," "plan," "continue," "intend," "should," "may," or similar expressions, we intend to identify forward-looking statements.
The forward-looking statements contained in this report reflect our current views about future events and are subject to numerous known and unknown risks, uncertainties, assumptions, and changes in circumstances that may cause our actual results to differ significantly from those expressed in any forward-looking statement.
Statements regarding the following subjects, among others, may be forward-looking:
market trends in our industry, interest rates, the debt and lending markets or the general economy;
our business and investment strategy;
the acquisition of properties, including the timing of acquisitions;
our relationships with, and our ability to attract additional, PROs;
our ability to effectively align the interests of our PROs with us and our shareholders;
the integration of our PROs and their contributed portfolios into the Company, including into our financial and operational reporting infrastructure and internal control framework;
our operating performance and projected operating results, including our ability to achieve market rents and occupancy levels, reduce operating expenditures and increase the sale of ancillary products and services;
our ability to access additional off-market acquisitions;
actions and initiatives of the U.S. federal, state and local government and changes to U.S. federal, state and local government policies and the execution and impact of these actions, initiatives and policies;
the state of the U.S. economy generally or in specific geographic regions, states or municipalities;
economic trends and economic recoveries;
our ability to obtain and maintain financing arrangements on favorable terms;
general volatility of the securities markets in which we participate;
changes in the value of our assets;
projected capital expenditures;
the impact of technology on our products, operations, and business;
the implementation of our technology and best practices programs (including our ability to effectively implement our integrated Internet marketing strategy);
changes in interest rates and the degree to which our hedging strategies may or may not protect us from interest rate volatility;
impact of and changes in governmental regulations, tax law and rates, accounting guidance and similar matters;
our ability to qualify, and maintain our qualification, as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes;
our ability to successfully remediate the material weakness in our internal control over financial reporting;
availability of qualified personnel;
the timing of conversions of subordinated performance units into OP units and the conversion ratio in effect at such time;
estimates relating to our ability to make distributions to our shareholders in the future; and
our understanding of our competition.


22


The forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations of our future performance, taking into account all information currently available to us. Forward-looking statements are not predictions of future events. These beliefs, assumptions, and expectations can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us. Readers should carefully review our financial statements and the notes thereto, as well as the section entitled "Risk Factors," "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," and "Business and Properties" described in the Company's Prospectus filed with the SEC pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, on April 24, 2015 (the "Prospectus"), and the other documents we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission. If a change occurs, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations may vary materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made. New risks and uncertainties arise over time, and it is not possible for us to predict those events or how they may affect us. Except as required by law, we are not obligated to, and do not intend to, update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Overview
National Storage Affiliates Trust is a Maryland real estate investment trust focused on the ownership, operation, and acquisition of self storage properties located within the top 100 metropolitan statistical areas throughout the United States. According to the 2014 Self-Storage Almanac, we are the sixth largest owner and operator of self storage properties in the United States based on number of properties, self storage units, and rentable square footage.
Our chief executive officer, Arlen D. Nordhagen, co-founded SecurCare Self Storage, Inc. in 1988 to invest in and manage self storage properties. While growing SecurCare to over 150 self storage properties, Mr. Nordhagen recognized a market opportunity for a differentiated public self storage REIT that would leverage the benefits of national scale by integrating multiple experienced regional self storage operators with local operational focus and expertise. We believe that his vision, which is the foundation of the Company, aligns the interests of our participating regional operators, or PROs, with those of our public shareholders by allowing our PROs to participate alongside our shareholders in our financial performance and the performance of our PROs' contributed portfolios. This structure offers our PROs an opportunity to serve as regional property managers for their contributed properties and directly participate in the potential upside of those properties while simultaneously diversifying their investment to include a broader portfolio of self storage properties.
Our PROs
The Company had six PROs as of September 30, 2015: SecurCare, Northwest, Optivest, Guardian, Move It, and Storage Solutions. We seek to expand our platform by recruiting additional established self storage operators, while integrating our operations through the implementation of centralized initiatives, including management information systems, revenue enhancement, and cost optimization programs. Our national platform allows us to capture cost savings by eliminating redundancies and utilizing economies of scale across the property management platforms of our PROs while also providing greater access to lower-cost capital.
Our Initial Public Offering
The Company completed its initial public offering on April 28, 2015, pursuant to which it sold 20,000,000 shares of the Company's common shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value per share, at a price of $13.00 per share. As part of the offering, the Company granted the underwriters an option to purchase up to 3,000,000 additional common shares within thirty days after the offering. The underwriters exercised their option and, on May 18, 2015, purchased an additional 3,000,000 common shares. These transactions resulted in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $278.1 million, after deducting the underwriting discount and before additional expenses associated with the offering.
We used a portion of the net proceeds from our initial public offering to repay $229.8 million of outstanding debt, which consisted of the $50.0 million unsecured term loan, $52.0 million US Bank senior term loan, $25.0 million mezzanine loan, $6.5 million US Bank senior term loan, and $96.3 million of the outstanding balance under our revolving line of credit.


23


Properties
We seek to own properties that are well located in high quality sub-markets with highly accessible street access and attractive supply and demand characteristics, providing our properties with strong and stable cash flows that are less sensitive to the fluctuations of the general economy. Many of these markets have multiple barriers to entry against increased supply, including zoning restrictions against new construction and new construction costs that we believe are higher than our properties' fair market value.
We owned a geographically diversified portfolio of 261 self storage properties, located in 16 states, comprising approximately 14.8 million rentable square feet, configured in approximately 115,000 storage units, as of September 30, 2015. Of these properties, 200 were acquired by us from our PROs and 61 were acquired by us from third-party sellers.
During the three months ended September 30, 2015, we acquired 15 properties for an aggregate purchase price of $106.4 million (excluding fair value of debt adjustments for assumed mortgages of approximately $0.2 million), comprising approximately 1.1 million rentable square feet, configured in approximately 8,200 storage units. Of these acquisitions, one was acquired by us from a PRO. Following the completion of our initial public offering during the three months ended June 30, 2015, we acquired 21 self storage properties located in seven states for an aggregate purchase price of $93.1 million (excluding fair value of debt adjustments for assumed mortgages of approximately $2.0 million), comprising approximately 1.3 million rentable square feet, configured in approximately 9,300 storage units. Of these acquisitions, four were acquired by us from our PROs. In addition, during the three months ended March 31, 2015, we acquired six properties with an estimated fair value of $41.0 million, comprising approximately 0.4 million rentable square feet, configured in over 3,400 storage units All six of these acquisitions were acquired by us from our PROs.
Results of Operations
When reviewing our results of operations it is important to consider the timing of acquisition activity. We acquired 42 self storage properties during the nine months ended September 30, 2015, and 83 self storage properties during the year ended December 31, 2014.
As a result of these and other factors, we do not believe that our historical results of operations discussed and analyzed below are necessarily indicative of our future results of operations or cash flows. To help analyze the operating performance of our self storage properties, we also discuss and analyze operating results relating to our same store portfolio. Our same store portfolio is defined as those properties owned and operated for the entirety of the applicable periods presented. Our 2015 same store portfolio consists of only those properties that were included in our consolidated results since January 1, 2014, excluding the property we sold in 2014 and a property where we completed a storage space expansion during the three months ended September 30, 2015 which caused the property's year-over-year operating results to no longer be comparable.
The following discussion and analysis of the results of our operations and financial condition should be read in conjunction with the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements in Item 1. Certain figures, such as interest rates and other percentages, included in this section have been rounded for ease of presentation. Percentage figures included in this section have not in all cases been calculated on the basis of such rounded figures but on the basis of such amounts prior to rounding. For this reason, percentage amounts in this section may vary slightly from those obtained by performing the same calculations using the figures in our consolidated financial statements or in the associated text. Certain other amounts that appear in this section may similarly not sum due to rounding.
Three Months Ended September 30, 2015 compared to the Three Months Ended September 30, 2014
Net income was $2.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015, compared to net loss of $5.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014, an increase of $7.1 million. The increase was primarily due to an increase in net operating income ("NOI") resulting from an additional 88 self storage properties we acquired from July 1, 2014 to September 30, 2015 and reductions in interest expense and organizational and offering expenses, partially offset by increases in depreciation and amortization and general and administrative expenses. For a description of NOI, see "Non-GAAP Financial measures – NOI".
Overview


24


As of September 30, 2015, our same store portfolio consisted of 135 self storage properties. We had 126 self storage properties that did not yet meet the same store portfolio criteria as of September 30, 2015, including 125 self storage properties that we acquired during 2014 and 2015 and excluding the property we sold in 2014 and the property expanded during 2015.
The following table illustrates the changes in rental revenue, other property-related revenue, property operating expenses, and other expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2015 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2014 (dollars in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
Rental revenue
 
 
 
 
 
Same store portfolio
$
14,906

 
$
13,505

 
$
1,401

Non-Same store portfolio
19,694

 
6,769

 
12,925

Total rental revenue
34,600

 
20,274

 
14,326

Other property-related revenue
 
 
 
 
 
Same store portfolio
372

 
381

 
(9
)
Non-Same store portfolio
706

 
208

 
498

Total other property-related revenue
1,078

 
589

 
489

Total revenue
35,678

 
20,863

 
14,815

Property operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
Same store portfolio
5,273

 
5,078

 
195

Non-Same store portfolio
6,727

 
2,632

 
4,095

Total property operating expenses
12,000

 
7,710

 
4,290

General and administrative expenses
4,056

 
2,315

 
1,741

Depreciation and amortization
10,341

 
6,777

 
3,564

Total operating expenses
26,397

 
16,802

 
9,595

Income from operations
9,281

 
4,061

 
5,220

Other (income) expense
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
4,246

 
5,459

 
(1,213
)
Acquisition costs
2,874

 
3,092

 
(218
)
Organizational and offering expenses

 
539

 
(539
)
Non-operating expense (income)
52

 
(3
)
 
55

Gain on sale of self storage properties

 
(1
)
 
1

Other (income) expense
7,172

 
9,086

 
(1,914
)
Net income (loss)
2,109

 
(5,025
)
 
7,134

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
2,263

 
5,025

 
(2,762
)
Net income (loss) attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust
$
4,372

 
$

 
$
4,372

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Revenue
Our total revenue increased by $14.8 million, or 71.0%, for the three months ended September 30, 2015, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2014. This increase was primarily attributable to incremental rental revenue from 88 self storage properties we acquired between July 1, 2014 and September 30, 2015, an increase in average total portfolio occupancy from 87.4% to 89.9%, the acquisition of properties with higher rents, increased market rates, and regular rental increases for in-place tenants.
Rental Revenue
Rental revenue increased by $14.3 million, or 70.7%, for the three months ended September 30, 2015, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2014. The increase in rental revenue was primarily due to a $12.9 million increase in non-same store revenue which was attributable to incremental rental revenue of $3.9 million from 31 self


25


storage properties acquired between July 1, 2014 and September 30, 2014, $6.8 million from 42 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2014 and June 30, 2015, and $1.5 million from an additional 15 self storage properties acquired during the three months ended September 30, 2015. Same store portfolio rental revenues increased $1.4 million, or 10.4%, from an increase in average occupancy from 87.9% to 90.4%, and a 7.3% increase in same store average annualized rental revenue per occupied square foot from $9.42 to $10.11. The increase in same store average annualized rental revenue per occupied square foot was driven primarily by a combination of increased contractual lease rates and a reduction in discounts and concessions granted on new rentals.
Other Property-Related Revenue
Other property-related revenue represents ancillary income from our self storage properties, such as tenant insurance-related access fees and commissions and sales of storage supplies. Other property-related revenue increased by $0.5 million, or 83.0%, for the three months ended September 30, 2015, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2014. This increase primarily resulted from a $0.5 million increase in non-same store other property-related revenue which was attributable to incremental other property-related revenue of $0.2 million from 31 self storage properties acquired between July 1, 2014 and September 30, 2014, $0.3 million from 42 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2014 and June 30, 2015, and less than $0.1 million from an additional 15 self storage properties acquired during the three months ended September 30, 2015.
Total Operating Expenses
Total operating expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2015 were $26.4 million compared to $16.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014, an increase of $9.6 million, or 57.1%. As discussed below, this change was primarily due to an increase of $4.3 million in property operating expenses, $1.7 million in general and administrative expenses, and $3.6 million in depreciation and amortization.
Property Operating Expenses
Property operating expenses were $12.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015 compared to $7.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014, an increase of $4.3 million, or 55.6%. This increase resulted from a $4.1 million increase in non-same store property operating expenses attributable to incremental property operating expenses of $1.1 million from 31 self storage properties acquired between July 1, 2014 and September 30, 2014, $2.5 million from 42 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2014 and June 30, 2015, and $0.5 million from an additional 15 self storage properties acquired during the three months ended September 30, 2015. In addition, same store portfolio property operating expenses increased $0.2 million, or 3.8%, due to increases in bad debt expense and property taxes, partially offset by decreases in maintenance expenses and marketing costs.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses increased $1.7 million, or 75.2%, for the three months ended September 30, 2015, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2014. This increase was primarily attributable to increases in (i) salaries and benefits of $0.8 million, consisting of $0.5 million related to additional personnel and $0.3 million associated with equity-based compensation, (ii) supervisory and administrative fees charged by our PROs of $0.8 million, and (iii) professional fees and other expenses of $0.1 million that were primarily related to increased audit and tax costs associated with the growth of our portfolio and periodic SEC reporting and other compliance matters.
Supervisory and administrative fees charged by our PROs totaled $2.0 million and $1.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, an increase of $0.8 million. The increase was primarily attributable to incremental fees related to the 57 properties we acquired from October 1, 2014 to September 30, 2015.
Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization increased $3.6 million, or 52.6%, for the three months ended September 30, 2015, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2014. This increase was primarily attributable to incremental depreciation expense of $1.1 million from 31 self storage properties acquired between July 1, 2014 and September 30, 2014, $1.6 million from 42 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2014 and June 30, 2015, and $0.4 million from an additional 15 self storage properties acquired during the three months ended September 30, 2015. In addition, amortization of customer in-place leases increased $0.7 million from $2.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014 to $2.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015. Customer in-place leases are amortized over the 12-month period following the respective acquisition dates of our self storage properties. As of September 30, 2015, the unamortized balance of customer in-place leases totaled $4.5 million.


26


Interest Expense
Interest expense decreased $1.2 million, or 22.2%, for the three months ended September 30, 2015, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2014. The decrease in interest expense was due to decreases in amortization of debt premiums of $0.4 million, amortization of debt issuance costs of $0.2 million, and interest rates. These decreases were partially offset by an increase in the effect of non-designated interest rate swaps of $0.1 million.
Acquisition Costs
Acquisition costs decreased $0.2 million, or 7.1%, for the three months ended September 30, 2015, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2014. This decrease was primarily due to a decrease in consulting fees and other costs incurred to identify, qualify, and close acquisition properties with our PROs and other parties.
Organizational and Offering Expenses
Organizational and offering expenses decreased $0.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2014. This decrease was primarily attributable to audit fees incurred during the three months ended September 30, 2014 associated with the operations of the properties acquired during 2014 for periods preceding the related contribution and formation transactions.
Net Loss Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
Due to the stated liquidation priorities and because the HLBV method incorporates non-cash items such as depreciation expense, in any given period, income or loss may be allocated disproportionately to noncontrolling interests. Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests was $2.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2015, compared to $5.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2014. Our entire net loss for the three months ended September 30, 2014 was attributable to noncontrolling interests as we did not have an ownership interest or share in our operating partnership's profits and losses prior to the completion of our initial public offering.
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015 compared to the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014
Net loss decreased by $13.4 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2015, as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2014. The decrease in net loss was primarily due to an increase in NOI resulting from an additional 125 self storage properties we acquired during 2014 and 2015 and reductions in acquisition costs and organizational and offering expenses, partially offset by increases in depreciation and amortization, general and administrative expenses, and a decrease in gain on sale of self storage properties.
Overview
As of September 30, 2015, our same store portfolio consisted of 135 self storage properties. We had 126 self storage properties that did not yet meet the same store portfolio criteria as of September 30, 2015, including 125 self storage properties that we acquired during 2014 and 2015 and excluding the property we sold in 2014 and the property expanded during 2015.


27


The following table illustrates the changes in rental revenue, other property-related revenue, property operating expenses, and other expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2014 (dollars in thousands):

 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
Rental revenue
 
 
 
 
 
Same store portfolio
$
42,687

 
$
39,382

 
$
3,305

Non-Same store portfolio
49,963

 
9,541

 
40,422

Total rental revenue
92,650

 
48,923

 
43,727

Other property-related revenue
 
 
 
 
 
Same store portfolio
1,100

 
1,046

 
54

Non-Same store portfolio
1,869

 
270

 
1,599

Total other property-related revenue
2,969

 
1,316

 
1,653

Total revenue
95,619

 
50,239

 
45,380

Property operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
Same store portfolio
15,330

 
14,961

 
369

Non-Same store portfolio
17,338

 
3,704

 
13,634

Total property operating expenses
32,668

 
18,665

 
14,003

General and administrative expenses
11,856

 
5,449

 
6,407

Depreciation and amortization
30,192

 
15,311

 
14,881

Total operating expenses
74,716

 
39,425

 
35,291

Income from operations
20,903

 
10,814

 
10,089

Other (income) expense
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
16,052

 
15,628

 
424

Loss on early extinguishment of debt
914

 
1,020

 
(106
)
Acquisition costs
4,192

 
8,363

 
(4,171
)
Organizational and offering expenses
58

 
1,216

 
(1,158
)
Non-operating expense (income)
256

 

 
256

Gain on sale of self storage properties

 
(1,427
)
 
1,427

Other (income) expense
21,472

 
24,800

 
(3,328
)
Net loss
(569
)
 
(13,986
)
 
13,417

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
8,405

 
13,986

 
(5,581
)
Net income (loss) attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust
$
7,836

 
$

 
$
7,836

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Revenue
Our total revenue increased by $45.4 million, or 90.3%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2014. This increase was primarily attributable to incremental rental revenue from 125 self storage properties we acquired between January 1, 2014 and September 30, 2015, an increase in average total portfolio occupancy from 85.6% to 87.6%, the acquisition of properties with higher rents, increased market rates, reduced discounting, and regular rental increases for in-place tenants.
Rental Revenue
Rental revenue increased by $43.7 million, or 89.4%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2014. The increase in rental revenue was primarily due to a $40.4 million increase in non-same store revenue which was attributable to incremental rental revenue of $23.1 million from 68 self storage properties acquired between January 1, 2014 and September 30, 2014, $7.4 million from 15 self storage


28


properties acquired between October 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014, and $9.9 million from 42 self storage properties acquired during the nine months ended September 30, 2015. These increases were partially offset by a $0.1 million decrease in rental revenue related to a self storage property sold during the three months ended June 30, 2014. Same store portfolio revenues increased $3.3 million, or 8.4%, from an increase in average occupancy from 85.4% to 88.0%, and a 5.2% increase in same store average annualized rental revenue per occupied square foot from $9.42 to $9.91. The increase in same store average annualized rental revenue per occupied square foot was driven primarily by a combination of increased contractual lease rates and a reduction in discounts and concessions granted on new rentals.
Other Property-Related Revenue
Other property-related revenue represents ancillary income from our self storage properties, such as tenant insurance-related access fees and commissions and sales of storage supplies. Other property-related revenue increased by $1.7 million, or 125.6%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2014. This increase primarily resulted from a $1.6 million increase in non-same store other property-related revenue which was attributable to incremental other property-related revenue of $0.9 million from 68 self storage properties acquired between January 1, 2014 and September 30, 2014, $0.3 million from 15 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014, and $0.4 million from 42 self storage properties acquired during the nine months ended September 30, 2015.
Total Operating Expenses
Total operating expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 were $74.7 million compared to $39.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, an increase of $35.3 million, or 89.5%. As discussed below, this change was primarily due to an increase of $14.0 million in property operating expenses, $6.4 million in general and administrative expenses, and $14.9 million in depreciation and amortization.
Property Operating Expenses
Property operating expenses were $32.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 compared to $18.7 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, an increase of $14.0 million, or 75.0%. This increase resulted from a $13.6 million increase in non-same store property operating expenses attributable to incremental property operating expenses of $7.3 million from 68 self storage properties acquired between January 1, 2014 and September 30, 2014, $2.4 million from 15 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014, and $4.1 million from 42 self storage properties acquired during the nine months ended September 30, 2015. In addition, same store portfolio property operating expenses increased $0.4 million, or 2.5%, due to increases in bad debt expense and property taxes, partially offset by decreases in marketing costs and maintenance expenses.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses increased $6.4 million, or 117.6%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2014. This increase was primarily attributable to increases in (i) salaries and benefits of $2.8 million, consisting of $1.4 million related to additional personnel and $1.4 million associated with equity-based compensation, (ii) supervisory and administrative fees charged by our PROs of $2.5 million, and (iii) professional fees and other expenses of $1.1 million that were primarily related to increased audit and tax costs associated with the growth of our portfolio and periodic SEC reporting and other compliance matters.
Supervisory and administrative fees charged by our PROs totaled $5.4 million and $2.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively, an increase of $2.5 million. The increase was attributable to incremental fees related to the properties we acquired during the year ended December 31, 2014 and the nine months ended September 30, 2015.
Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization increased $14.9 million, or 97.2%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2014. This increase was attributable to incremental depreciation expense of $6.1 million from 68 self storage properties acquired between January 1, 2014 and September 30, 2014, $2.0 million from 15 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2014 and December 31, 2014, and $2.2 million from 42 self storage properties acquired during the nine months ended September 30, 2015. In addition, amortization of customer in-place leases increased $4.6 million from $5.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 to $9.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. Customer in-place leases are amortized over the 12-


29


month period following the respective acquisition dates of our self storage properties. As of September 30, 2015, the unamortized balance of customer in-place leases totaled $4.5 million.
Interest Expense
Interest expense increased $0.4 million, or 2.7%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2014. The increase in interest expense was primarily due to $0.3 million of amortization of debt issuance costs and increases in weighted average borrowings outstanding, substantially offset by decreases in interest rates, amortization of debt premiums of $2.1 million, and the effect of non-designated interest rate swaps of $0.1 million.
Loss On Early Extinguishment of Debt
Loss on early extinguishment of debt decreased $0.1 million, or 10.4%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2014. The decrease was due to a $0.2 million decrease in prepayment penalties partially offset by $0.1 million increase in write-offs of unamortized issuance costs. Loss on early extinguishment of debt during the nine months ended September 30, 2015 relates to the payoff of several debt instruments in connection with the Company's initial public offering.
Acquisition Costs
Acquisition costs decreased $4.2 million, or 49.9%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2014. This decrease was primarily due to a decrease in consulting fees and other costs incurred to identify, qualify, and close acquisition properties with our PROs and other parties.
Organizational and Offering Expenses
Organizational and offering expenses decreased $1.2 million, or 95.2%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2014. This decrease was primarily attributable to audit fees incurred during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 associated with the operations of the properties acquired during 2014 for periods preceding the related contribution and formation transactions.
Gain on sale of self storage properties
Gain on sale of self storage properties totaled $1.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. In May 2014, we sold to an unrelated party one of the self-storage properties contributed by our predecessor. The gross selling price for the property was approximately $3.0 million and net proceeds from this sale were invested in the acquisition of another self-storage property in a tax-deferred exchange.
Net Loss Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
Due to the stated liquidation priorities and because the HLBV method incorporates non-cash items such as depreciation expense, in any given period, income or loss may be allocated disproportionately to noncontrolling interests. Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests was $8.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2015, compared to $14.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. Our entire net loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was attributable to noncontrolling interests as we did not have an ownership interest or share in our operating partnership's profits and losses prior to the completion of our initial public offering.
Critical Accounting Policies and Use of Estimates
We prepare our consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP, which requires us to make estimates and assumptions. We believe that the following critical accounting policies involve our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements.
Principles of Consolidation and Presentation of Noncontrolling Interests
Our consolidated financial statements include the accounts of our operating partnership and its controlled subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidation and combination of entities.
The limited partner ownership interests in our operating partnership that are held by owners other than us are referred to as noncontrolling interests. Noncontrolling interests also include ownership interests in DownREIT partnerships held by entities other than our operating partnership. Noncontrolling interests in a subsidiary are generally reported as a separate component of equity in our consolidated balance sheets. In our statements of operations, the


30


revenues, expenses and net income or loss related to noncontrolling interests in our operating partnership are included in the consolidated amounts, with net income or loss attributable to the noncontrolling interests deducted separately to arrive at the net income or loss solely attributable to us.
When we obtain an economic interest in an entity, we evaluate the entity to determine if the entity is deemed a VIE, and if we are deemed to be the primary beneficiary, in accordance with authoritative guidance issued on the consolidation of VIEs. When an entity is not deemed to be a VIE, we consider the provisions of additional guidance to determine whether the general partner controls a limited partnership or similar entity when the limited partners have certain rights. We consolidate (i) entities that are VIEs and of which we are deemed to be the primary beneficiary, and (ii) entities that are non-VIEs which the Company controls and which, limited partners lack both substantive participating rights and the ability to dissolve or remove the Company without cause.
Self Storage Properties and Customer In-Place Leases
Self storage properties are carried at historical cost less accumulated depreciation and any impairment losses. Expenditures for ordinary repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. Major replacements and betterments that improve or extend the life of an asset are capitalized. Estimated depreciable lives of self storage properties are determined by considering the age and other indicators about the condition of the assets at the respective dates of acquisition, resulting in a range of estimated useful lives for assets within each category. All self storage properties are depreciated using the straight-line method. Buildings and improvements are generally depreciated over estimated useful lives between seven and 40 years. Furniture and equipment are generally depreciated over estimated useful lives between three and 10 years.
When self storage properties are acquired in business combinations, the purchase price (including any equity-based consideration issued in connection with the acquisition) is allocated to the tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimated fair values. The purchase price is allocated to the individual properties based on the fair value determined using an income approach or a cash flow analysis using appropriate risk adjusted capitalization rates, which take into account the relative size, age, and location of the individual properties along with current and projected occupancy and relative rental rates or appraised values, if available. Tangible assets are allocated to land, buildings and related improvements, and furniture and equipment.
In allocating the purchase price for an acquisition accounted for as a business combination, we determine whether the acquisition includes intangible assets. We allocate a portion of the purchase price to an intangible asset attributed to the value of customer in-place leases. Because the majority of tenant leases are on a month-to-month basis, this intangible asset represents the estimated value of the leases in effect on the acquisition date. This intangible asset is amortized to expense using the straight-line method over 12 months, the estimated average rental period for our customers.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
The Company evaluates long-lived assets for impairment when events and circumstances indicate that there may be an impairment. When events or changes in circumstances indicate that the Company's long-lived assets may not be recoverable, the carrying value of these long-lived assets is compared to the undiscounted future net operating cash flows, plus a terminal value attributable to the assets. If an asset's carrying value is not considered recoverable, an impairment loss is recorded to the extent the net carrying value of the asset exceeds the fair value.
Revenue Recognition
We have determined that all of our leases are operating leases. Substantially all leases may be terminated on a month-to-month basis and rental income is recognized ratably over the lease term using the straight-line method. Rents received in advance are deferred and recognized on a straight-line basis over the related lease term associated with the prepayment. Promotional discounts and other incentives are recognized as a reduction to rental income over the applicable lease term. Other property-related revenue consists of ancillary revenues such as tenant insurance-related access fees, commissions, and sales of storage supplies which are recognized in the period earned.
We recognize gains from disposition of facilities only upon closing in accordance with the guidance on sales of real estate. Payments received from purchasers prior to closing are recorded as deposits. Profit on real estate sold is recognized using the full accrual method upon closing when the collectability of the sales price is reasonably assured and we are not obligated to perform significant activities after the sale. Profit may be deferred in whole or part until the sale meets the requirements of profit recognition on sales under this guidance.


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Income Taxes
We intend to elect to be taxed as a REIT under sections 856 through 860 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the "Code") commencing with our taxable year ending December 31, 2015. To qualify as a REIT, among other things, we are required to distribute at least 90% of our net taxable income (excluding net capital gains) to our shareholders and meet certain tests regarding the nature of our income and assets. So long as we qualify as a REIT, we are not subject to U.S. federal income tax on our earnings distributed currently to our shareholders. If we fail to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, and are unable to avail ourselves of certain provisions set forth in the Code, all of our taxable income would be subject to federal and state income taxes at regular corporate rates, including any applicable alternative minimum tax.
We will not be required to make distributions with respect to income derived from the activities conducted through subsidiaries that we elect to treat as taxable REIT subsidiaries, or TRSs, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, including NSA TRS, LLC which we formed in June 2014. Certain activities that we undertake must be conducted by a TRS, such as performing non-customary services for our customers and holding assets that we are not permitted to hold directly, including personal property held as inventory. A TRS is subject to U.S. federal, state, and local income taxes.
Earnings and profits, which determine the taxability of distributions to shareholders, differ from net income reported for financial reporting purposes due to differences in cost basis, the estimated useful lives used to compute depreciation, and the allocation of net income and loss for financial versus tax reporting purposes.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
FFO and Core FFO
Funds from operations, or FFO, is a widely used performance measure for real estate companies and is provided here as a supplemental measure of our operating performance. The April 2002 National Policy Bulletin of NAREIT, which we refer to as the White Paper, as amended, defines FFO as net income (loss) (as determined under GAAP), excluding gains (or losses) from sales of real estate and related impairment charges, plus real estate depreciation and amortization, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. We include amortization of customer in-place leases in real estate depreciation and amortization in the calculation of FFO because we believe the amortization of customer in-place leases is analogous to real estate depreciation, as the value of such intangibles is inextricably connected to the real estate acquired. Distributions on subordinated performance units and DownREIT subordinated performance units represent our allocation of FFO to noncontrolling interests held by subordinated performance unitholders and DownREIT subordinated performance unitholders for the purpose of calculating FFO attributable to common shareholders, OP unitholders, and LTIP unitholders. We define Core FFO as FFO, as further adjusted to eliminate the impact of certain items that we do not consider indicative of our core operating performance. These further adjustments consist of acquisition costs, organizational and offering costs, gains on debt forgiveness and gains (losses) on early extinguishment of debt.
Management uses FFO and Core FFO as a key performance indicator in evaluating the operations of our properties. Given the nature of our business as a real estate owner and operator, we consider FFO and Core FFO as key supplemental measures of our operating performance that are not specifically defined by GAAP. We believe that FFO and Core FFO are useful to management and investors as a starting point in measuring our operational performance because FFO and Core FFO exclude various items included in net income (loss) that do not relate to or are not indicative of our operating performance such as gains (or losses) from sales of self storage properties and depreciation, which can make periodic and peer analyses of operating performance more difficult. Our computation of FFO and Core FFO may not be comparable to FFO reported by other REITs or real estate companies.
FFO and Core FFO should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP, such as total revenues, operating income and net income (loss). FFO and Core FFO do not represent cash generated from operating activities determined in accordance with GAAP and are not a measure of liquidity or an indicator of our ability to make cash distributions. We believe that to further understand our performance, FFO and Core FFO should be compared with our reported net income (loss) and considered in addition to cash flows computed in accordance with GAAP, as presented in our consolidated financial statements.


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The following table presents a reconciliation of net loss to FFO and Core FFO for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 (in thousands, except per share and unit amounts):
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Net income (loss)
$
2,109

 
$
(5,025
)
 
$
(569
)
 
$
(13,986
)
Add (subtract):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real estate depreciation and amortization
10,248

 
6,777

 
29,943

 
15,311

Gain on sale of self storage properties

 
(1
)
 

 
(1,427
)
FFO attributable to subordinated performance unitholders (1)
(3,898
)
 
(2,197
)
 
(10,317
)
 
(4,249
)
FFO attributable to common shareholders, OP unitholders, and LTIP unitholders
8,459

 
(446
)
 
19,057

 
(4,351
)
Add:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acquisition costs
2,874

 
3,092

 
4,192

 
8,363

Organizational and offering expenses

 
539

 
58

 
1,216

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 

 
914

 
1,020

Core FFO attributable to common shareholders, OP unitholders, and LTIP unitholders
$
11,333

 
$
3,185

 
$
24,221

 
$
6,248

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares and units outstanding - FFO and Core FFO: (2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic
23,000

 
1

 
12,924

 
1

Weighted average restricted common shares outstanding
17

 

 
6

 

Weighted average OP units outstanding (3)
21,109

 
14,874

 
20,181

 
11,917

Weighted average DownREIT OP unit equivalents outstanding
1,432

 
177

 
1,411

 
60

Weighted average LTIP units outstanding (4)
2,243

 

 
1,273

 

Total weighted average shares and units outstanding - FFO and Core FFO
47,801

 
15,052

 
35,795

 
11,978

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FFO per share and unit
$
0.18

 
$
(0.03
)
 
$
0.53

 
$
(0.36
)
Core FFO per share and unit
$
0.24

 
$
0.21

 
$
0.68

 
$
0.52

(1) Amounts represent distributions declared for subordinated performance unitholders and DownREIT subordinated performance unitholders for the periods presented. For the three months ended September 30, 2014, these distributions were declared and paid to unitholders of record as of September 30, 2014 during the period subsequent to September 30, 2014, and therefore the amounts are not reflected in the historical financial statements for the periods presented.
(2) NSA combines OP units and DownREIT OP units with common shares because, after the applicable lock-out periods, OP units in the Company's operating partnership are redeemable for cash or, at NSA's option, exchangeable for common shares on a one-for-one basis and DownREIT OP units are also redeemable for cash or, at NSA's option, exchangeable for OP units in our operating partnership on a one-for-one basis, subject to certain adjustments in each case. Subordinated performance units, DownREIT subordinated performance units, and LTIP units may also, under certain circumstances, be convertible into or exchangeable for common shares (or other units that are convertible into or exchangeable for common shares). Subordinated performance units and DownREIT subordinated units have been excluded from the calculations of FFO and Core FFO per share and unit as their effect is anti-dilutive.
(3) Amount for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 includes 2,060,711 OP units outstanding for the entire period which were issued in connection with the contribution of 65 self storage properties on April 1, 2014 by SecurCare Portfolio Holdings, LLC and SecurCare Value Properties, Ltd. (collectively, "NSA Predecessor"), entities whose principal owner is the Company's chief executive officer. For financial reporting purposes, NSA Predecessor contributions are reported as a reorganization of entities under common control whereby the contributed self storage properties are included in the Company's results of operations for the entirety of the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and have been recorded in the Company's financial statements at NSA Predecessor's depreciated historical cost basis.
(4) LTIP units have been excluded from the calculations of weighted average shares and units outstanding prior to April 28, 2015 because such units did not participate in distributions prior to the Company’s initial public offering.


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NOI
We define NOI as net income (loss), as determined under GAAP, plus general and administrative expense, depreciation and amortization, interest expense, loss on early extinguishment of debt, acquisition costs, organizational and offering expenses, impairment of long-lived assets, losses on the sale of properties and non-operating expense and by subtracting gains on sale of properties, debt forgiveness, and non-operating income. NOI is not a measure of performance calculated in accordance with GAAP.
We believe NOI is useful to investors in evaluating our operating performance because:
NOI is one of the primary measures used by our management and our PROs to evaluate the economic productivity of our properties, including our ability to lease our properties, increase pricing and occupancy and control our property operating expenses;
NOI is widely used in the real estate industry and the self storage industry to measure the performance and value of real estate assets without regard to various items included in net income that do not relate to or are not indicative of operating performance, such as depreciation and amortization, which can vary depending upon accounting methods, the book value of assets, and the impact of our capital structure; and
We believe NOI helps our investors to meaningfully compare the results of our operating performance from period to period by removing the impact of our capital structure (primarily interest expense on our outstanding indebtedness) and depreciation of the cost basis of our assets from our operating results.
There are material limitations to using a non-GAAP measure such as NOI, including the difficulty associated with comparing results among more than one company and the inability to analyze certain significant items, including depreciation and interest expense, that directly affect our net loss. We compensate for these limitations by considering the economic effect of the excluded expense items independently as well as in connection with our analysis of net income (loss). NOI should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP, such as total revenues, income from operations and net loss.
The following table presents a reconciliation of net loss to NOI for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014 (dollars in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Net income (loss)
$
2,109

 
$
(5,025
)
 
$
(569
)
 
$
(13,986
)
Add:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General and administrative expenses
4,056

 
2,315

 
11,856

 
5,449

Depreciation and amortization
10,341

 
6,777

 
30,192

 
15,311

Interest expense
4,246

 
5,459

 
16,052

 
15,628

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 

 
914

 
1,020

Acquisition costs
2,874

 
3,092

 
4,192

 
8,363

Organizational and offering expenses

 
539

 
58

 
1,216

Gain on sale of self storage properties

 
(1
)
 

 
(1,427
)
Non-operating expense (income)
52

 
(3
)
 
256

 

Net Operating Income
$
23,678

 
$
13,153

 
$
62,951

 
$
31,574

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