UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission file number: 001-37351
National Storage Affiliates Trust
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Maryland
 
46-5053858
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

5200 DTC Parkway
Suite 200
Greenwood Village, Colorado 80111
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
(720) 630-2600
(Registrant's telephone number including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large Accelerated Filer
 
Accelerated Filer
Non-accelerated Filer
 
Smaller Reporting Company
 
 
Emerging Growth Company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    
Yes  No 
As of November 1, 2018, 56,571,091 common shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value per share, were outstanding.



NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
 
 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FORM 10-Q
 
 
Page
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
Financial Statements
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (Unaudited)
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (Unaudited)
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (Unaudited)
 
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Changes in Equity for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 (Unaudited)
 
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (Unaudited)
 
Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
ITEM 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
ITEM 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
ITEM 4.
Controls and Procedures
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1.
Legal Proceedings
ITEM 1A.
Risk Factors
ITEM 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
ITEM 3.
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
ITEM 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
ITEM 5.
Other Information
ITEM 6.
Exhibits
Signatures
 



2


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. Financial Statements

NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

 
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
2018
 
2017
ASSETS
 
 
 
Real estate
 
 
 
Self storage properties
$
2,584,066

 
$
2,275,233

Less accumulated depreciation
(226,086
)
 
(170,358
)
Self storage properties, net
2,357,980

 
2,104,875

Cash and cash equivalents
15,045

 
13,366

Restricted cash
4,704

 
3,041

Debt issuance costs, net
1,503

 
2,185

Investment in unconsolidated real estate ventures
250,769

 
89,093

Other assets, net
85,417

 
52,615

Assets held for sale

 
1,555

Total assets
$
2,715,418

 
$
2,266,730

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
Debt financing
$
1,229,241

 
$
958,097

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
36,036

 
24,459

Deferred revenue
15,787

 
12,687

Total liabilities
1,281,064

 
995,243

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)

 

Equity
 
 
 
Preferred shares of beneficial interest, par value $0.01 per share. 50,000,000 authorized, 6,900,000 issued and outstanding at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, at liquidation preference
172,500

 
172,500

Common shares of beneficial interest, par value $0.01 per share. 250,000,000 shares authorized, 56,555,690 and 50,284,934 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively
565

 
503

Additional paid-in capital
842,679

 
711,467

Distributions in excess of earnings
(87,903
)
 
(55,729
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
22,679

 
12,282

Total shareholders' equity
950,520

 
841,023

Noncontrolling interests
483,834

 
430,464

Total equity
1,434,354

 
1,271,487

Total liabilities and equity
$
2,715,418

 
$
2,266,730



See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
REVENUE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental revenue
$
79,547

 
$
64,715

 
$
226,577

 
$
182,713

Other property-related revenue
2,687

 
2,145

 
7,557

 
6,071

Management fees and other revenue
3,148

 
1,998

 
7,464

 
5,978

Total revenue
85,382

 
68,858

 
241,598

 
194,762

OPERATING EXPENSES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property operating expenses
26,552

 
21,618

 
76,962

 
61,170

General and administrative expenses
8,848

 
7,480

 
25,614

 
22,066

Depreciation and amortization
22,469

 
18,463

 
66,226

 
54,946

Total operating expenses
57,869

 
47,561

 
168,802

 
138,182

Income from operations
27,513

 
21,297

 
72,796

 
56,580

OTHER (EXPENSE) INCOME
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(10,656
)
 
(9,157
)
 
(30,763
)
 
(24,788
)
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated real estate ventures
242

 
(710
)
 
290

 
(2,260
)
Acquisition costs
(141
)
 
(139
)
 
(471
)
 
(450
)
Non-operating income (expense)
153

 
(9
)
 
69

 
(75
)
Gain on sale of self storage properties

 
106

 
391

 
5,743

Other expense
(10,402
)
 
(9,909
)
 
(30,484
)
 
(21,830
)
Income before income taxes
17,111

 
11,388

 
42,312

 
34,750

Income tax expense
(282
)
 
(162
)
 
(469
)
 
(767
)
Net income
16,829

 
11,226

 
41,843

 
33,983

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(12,435
)
 
(9,955
)
 
(21,098
)
 
(29,790
)
Net income attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust
4,394

 
1,271

 
20,745

 
4,193

Distributions to preferred shareholders
(2,588
)
 

 
(7,763
)
 

Net income attributable to common shareholders
$
1,806

 
$
1,271

 
$
12,982

 
$
4,193

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) per share - basic and diluted
$
0.03

 
$
0.03

 
$
0.25

 
$
0.09

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic and diluted
55,722

 
44,269

 
52,189

 
43,967

Dividends declared per common share
$
0.29

 
$
0.26

 
$
0.86

 
$
0.76



See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income
$
16,829

 
$
11,226

 
$
41,843

 
$
33,983

Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative contracts
3,078

 
(476
)
 
16,733

 
(2,715
)
Reclassification of other comprehensive (income) loss to interest expense
(599
)
 
428

 
(831
)
 
1,958

Other comprehensive income (loss)
2,479

 
(48
)
 
15,902

 
(757
)
Comprehensive income
19,308

 
11,178

 
57,745

 
33,226

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(13,330
)
 
(9,936
)
 
(27,168
)
 
(29,514
)
Comprehensive income attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust
$
5,978

 
$
1,242

 
$
30,577

 
$
3,712


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(dollars in thousands, except share amounts)
(Unaudited)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Additional
 
Distributions
 
Other
 
 
 
 
 
Preferred Shares
 
Common Shares
 
Paid-in
 
In Excess Of
 
Comprehensive
 
Noncontrolling
 
Total
 
Number
 
Amount
 
Number
 
Amount
 
Capital
 
Earnings
 
Income
 
Interests
 
Equity
Balances, December 31, 2017
6,900,000

 
$
172,500

 
50,284,934

 
$
503

 
$
711,467

 
$
(55,729
)
 
$
12,282

 
$
430,464

 
$
1,271,487

OP equity issued for property acquisitions:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Series A-1 preferred units, OP units and subordinated performance units, net of offering costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
26,063

 
26,063

Redemptions of OP units

 

 
364,348

 
3

 
4,760

 

 
134

 
(4,897
)
 

Issuance of common shares, net of offering costs

 

 
5,900,000

 
59

 
175,632

 

 

 

 
175,691

Effect of changes in ownership for consolidated entities

 

 

 

 
(49,295
)
 

 
431

 
48,864

 

Issuance of OP units

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
5

 
5

Equity-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 
190

 

 

 
2,618

 
2,808

Issuance of restricted common shares

 

 
12,311

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vesting and forfeitures of restricted common shares, net

 

 
(5,903
)
 

 
(75
)
 

 

 

 
(75
)
Reduction in receivables from partners of the operating partnership

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
347

 
347

Preferred share dividends

 

 

 

 

 
(7,763
)
 

 

 
(7,763
)
Common share dividends

 

 

 

 

 
(45,156
)
 

 

 
(45,156
)
Distributions to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(46,798
)
 
(46,798
)
Other comprehensive income

 

 

 

 

 

 
9,832

 
6,070

 
15,902

Net income

 

 

 

 

 
20,745

 

 
21,098

 
41,843

Balances, September 30, 2018
6,900,000

 
$
172,500

 
56,555,690

 
$
565

 
$
842,679

 
$
(87,903
)
 
$
22,679

 
$
483,834

 
$
1,434,354


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net income
$
41,843

 
$
33,983

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
66,226

 
54,946

Amortization of debt issuance costs
1,883

 
1,613

Amortization of debt discount and premium, net
(1,110
)
 
(1,181
)
Gain on sale of self storage properties
(391
)
 
(5,743
)
Equity-based compensation expense
2,808

 
2,844

Equity in (earnings) losses of unconsolidated real estate ventures
(290
)
 
2,260

Distributions from unconsolidated real estate ventures
4,256

 
3,766

Change in assets and liabilities, net of effects of self storage property acquisitions:
 
 
 
Other assets
(3,456
)
 
(1,320
)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
10,369

 
4,444

Deferred revenue
1,525

 
(740
)
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
123,663

 
94,872

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Acquisition of self storage properties
(264,367
)
 
(209,680
)
Capital expenditures
(14,476
)
 
(10,011
)
Investments in and advances to unconsolidated real estate ventures
(165,642
)
 
(12,647
)
Distributions from unconsolidated real estate ventures

 
250

Deposits and advances for self storage property and other acquisitions
(21,174
)
 
(2,273
)
Expenditures for corporate furniture, equipment and other
(136
)
 
(294
)
Proceeds from sale of self storage properties
5,259

 
17,529

Net Cash Used In Investing Activities
(460,536
)
 
(217,126
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of common shares
175,691

 

Proceeds from issuance of subordinated performance units

 
7,000

Borrowings under debt financings
652,500

 
540,400

Receipts for OP unit subscriptions
606

 
848

Principal payments under debt financings
(386,995
)
 
(344,915
)
Payment of dividends to common shareholders
(45,156
)
 
(33,591
)
Distributions to preferred shareholders
(7,763
)
 

Distributions to noncontrolling interests
(46,487
)
 
(41,825
)
Debt issuance costs
(1,863
)
 
(2,037
)
Equity offering costs
(318
)
 
(607
)
Net Cash Provided By Financing Activities
340,215

 
125,273

Increase in Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash
3,342

 
3,019

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND RESTRICTED CASH
 
 
 
Beginning of period
16,407

 
15,337

End of period
$
19,749

 
$
18,356

Supplemental Cash Flow Information
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
29,402

 
$
23,775


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

7


NATIONAL STORAGE AFFILIATES TRUST
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
September 30, 2018
(Unaudited)






1. ORGANIZATION AND NATURE OF OPERATIONS
National Storage Affiliates Trust was organized in the state of Maryland on May 16, 2013 and is a fully integrated, self-administered and self-managed real estate investment trust focused on the self storage sector. As used herein, "NSA," the "Company," "we," "our," and "us" refers to National Storage Affiliates Trust and its consolidated subsidiaries, except where the context indicates otherwise. The Company has elected and believes it has qualified as a real estate investment trust ("REIT") for U.S. federal income tax purposes commencing with its taxable year ending December 31, 2015.
Through its controlling interest as the sole general partner of NSA OP, LP (its "operating partnership"), a Delaware limited partnership formed on February 13, 2013, the Company is focused on the ownership, operation, and acquisition of self storage properties located within the top 100 metropolitan statistical areas in the United States. Pursuant to the Agreement of Limited Partnership (as amended, the "LP Agreement") of its operating partnership, the Company's operating partnership is authorized to issue preferred units, Class A Units ("OP units"), different series of Class B Units ("subordinated performance units"), and Long-Term Incentive Plan Units ("LTIP units"). The Company also owns certain of its self storage properties through other consolidated limited partnership subsidiaries of its operating partnership, which the Company refers to as "DownREIT partnerships." The DownREIT partnerships issue equity ownership interests that are intended to be economically equivalent to the Company's OP units ("DownREIT OP units") and subordinated performance units ("DownREIT subordinated performance units").
The Company owned 492 consolidated self storage properties in 26 states and Puerto Rico with approximately 30.0 million rentable square feet in approximately 239,000 storage units as of September 30, 2018. These properties are managed with local operational focus and expertise by the Company and its participating regional operators ("PROs"). These PROs are SecurCare Self Storage, Inc. and its controlled affiliates ("SecurCare"), Kevin Howard Real Estate Inc., d/b/a Northwest Self Storage and its controlled affiliates ("Northwest"), Optivest Properties LLC and its controlled affiliates ("Optivest"), Guardian Storage Centers LLC and its controlled affiliates ("Guardian"), Move It Self Storage and its controlled affiliates ("Move It"), Arizona Mini Storage Management Company d/b/a Storage Solutions and its controlled affiliates ("Storage Solutions"), Hide-Away Storage Services, Inc. and its controlled affiliates ("Hide-Away") and an affiliate of Shader Brothers Corporation d/b/a Personal Mini Storage ("Personal Mini") of Orlando, Florida.
As of September 30, 2018, the Company also managed through its iStorage property management platform an additional portfolio of 176 properties owned by the Company's unconsolidated real estate ventures. These properties contain approximately 12.5 million rentable square feet, configured in approximately 102,000 storage units and located across 22 states. The Company owns a 25% equity interest in each of its unconsolidated real estate ventures.
As of September 30, 2018, in total, the Company operated and held ownership interests in 668 self storage properties located across 34 states and Puerto Rico with approximately 42.5 million rentable square feet in approximately 341,000 storage units.
2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are presented on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") and have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") regarding interim financial reporting. Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements have been condensed or omitted in accordance with such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the condensed consolidated financial statements have been included. The Company's results of operations for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year or any other future period.


8


Principles of Consolidation
The Company's financial statements include the accounts of its operating partnership and its controlled subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in the consolidation of entities.
When the Company obtains an economic interest in an entity, the Company evaluates the entity to determine if the entity is deemed a variable interest entity ("VIE"), and if the Company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary, in accordance with authoritative guidance issued on the consolidation of VIEs. When an entity is not deemed to be a VIE, the Company considers the provisions of additional guidance to determine whether the general partner controls a limited partnership or similar entity when the limited partners have certain rights. The Company consolidates all entities that are VIEs and of which the Company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary. The Company has determined that its operating partnership is a VIE. The sole significant asset of National Storage Affiliates Trust is its investment in its operating partnership, and consequently, substantially all of the Company’s assets and liabilities represent those assets and liabilities of its operating partnership.
As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company's operating partnership was the primary beneficiary of, and therefore consolidated, 21 DownREIT partnerships that are considered VIEs, which owned 34 self storage properties. The net book value of the real estate owned by these VIEs was $242.2 million and $248.0 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. For the DownREIT partnerships which are subject to fixed rate mortgages payable, the carrying value of such fixed rate mortgages payable held by these VIEs was $138.9 million and $140.3 million as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The creditors of the consolidated VIEs do not have recourse to the Company's general credit.
Revenue Recognition
Rental revenue
Rental revenue consists of space rentals and related fees. Management has determined that all of the Company's leases are operating leases. Substantially all leases may be terminated on a month-to-month basis and rental income is recognized ratably over the lease term using the straight-line method. Rents received in advance are deferred and recognized on a straight-line basis over the related lease term associated with the prepayment. Promotional discounts and other incentives are recognized as a reduction to rental income over the applicable lease term.
Other property-related revenue
Other property-related revenue consists of ancillary revenues such as tenant insurance and/or tenant warranty protection-related access fees and sales of storage supplies which are recognized in the period earned.
The Company and certain of the Company’s PROs have tenant insurance- and/or tenant warranty protection plan-related arrangements with insurance companies and the Company’s tenants. During the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized $2.0 million and $1.6 million, respectively, of tenant insurance and tenant warranty protection plan revenues and during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized $5.5 million and $4.4 million, respectively, of tenant insurance and tenant warranty protection plan revenues.
The Company sells boxes, packing supplies, locks and other retail merchandise at its properties. During the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized retail sales of $0.3 million and $0.4 million, respectively, and during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized retail sales of $1.1 million and $1.0 million, respectively.
Management fees and other revenue
Management fees and other revenue consist of property management fees, platform fees, call center fees, acquisition fees, and a portion of tenant warranty protection or tenant insurance proceeds that the Company earns for managing and operating its unconsolidated real estate ventures.
With respect to both the 2018 Joint Venture and the 2016 Joint Venture (as each are defined in Note 5), the Company provides supervisory and administrative property management services, centralized call center services, and technology platform and revenue management services to the properties in the unconsolidated real estate ventures. The property management fees are equal to 6% of monthly gross revenues and net sales revenues from the assets of the unconsolidated real estate ventures, and the platform fees are equal to $1,250 per month per unconsolidated real estate venture property. With respect to the 2016 Joint Venture only, the call center fees are equal to 1% of each of monthly gross revenues and net sales revenues from the 2016 Joint Venture properties.


9


During the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized property management fees, call center fees and platform fees of $1.9 million and $1.3 million, respectively, and during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized property management fees, call center fees and platform fees of $4.6 million and $3.6 million, respectively.
For acquisition fees, the Company provides sourcing, underwriting and administration services to the unconsolidated real estate ventures. The 2016 Joint Venture paid the Company a $4.1 million acquisition fee equal to 0.65% of the gross capitalization (including debt and equity) of the original 66-property 2016 Joint Venture portfolio (the "Initial 2016 JV Portfolio") in 2016, at the time of the Initial 2016 JV Portfolio acquisition. The 2018 Joint Venture paid the Company a $4.0 million acquisition fee related to the original 103-property 2018 Joint Venture portfolio (the "Initial 2018 JV Portfolio") during the three months ended September 30, 2018, at the time of the Initial 2018 JV Portfolio acquisition. These fees are refundable to the unconsolidated real estate ventures, on a prorated basis, if the Company is removed as the managing member during the initial four year life of the unconsolidated real estate ventures and as such, the Company's performance obligation for these acquisition fees are satisfied over a four year period. As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had deferred revenue related to the acquisition fees of $5.0 million and $2.8 million, respectively.
The Company also earns acquisition fees for properties acquired by the unconsolidated real estate ventures subsequent to the Initial 2016 JV Portfolio and the Initial 2018 JV Portfolio. These fees are based on a percentage of the gross capitalization of the acquired assets determined by the members of the 2016 Joint Venture and the 2018 Joint Venture, and are generally earned when the unconsolidated real estate ventures obtain title and control of the acquired property. During the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized acquisition fees of $0.5 million and $0.2 million, respectively, and during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized acquisition fees of $1.1 million and $1.1 million, respectively.
An affiliate of the Company facilitates tenant warranty protection or tenant insurance programs for tenants of the properties in the unconsolidated real estate ventures in exchange for 50% of all proceeds from such programs at each unconsolidated real estate venture property. During the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized $0.7 million and $0.4 million, respectively, of revenue related to these activities and during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized $1.7 million and $1.4 million, respectively, of revenue related to these activities.
Gain on sale of self storage properties
The Company recognizes gains from disposition of facilities only upon closing in accordance with the guidance on sales of nonfinancial assets. Profit on real estate sold is recognized upon closing when all, or substantially all, of the promised consideration has been received and is nonrefundable and the Company has transferred control of the facilities to the purchaser.
Investments in Unconsolidated Real Estate Ventures
The Company’s investments in its unconsolidated real estate ventures are recorded under the equity method of accounting in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements. Under the equity method, the Company’s investments in unconsolidated real estate ventures are stated at cost and adjusted for the Company’s share of net earnings or losses and reduced by distributions. Equity in earnings (losses) is recognized based on the Company’s ownership interest in the earnings (losses) of the unconsolidated real estate ventures. The Company follows the "nature of the distribution approach" for classification of distributions from its unconsolidated real estate ventures in its condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. Under this approach, distributions are reported on the basis of the nature of the activity or activities that generated the distributions as either a return on investment, which are classified as operating cash flows, or a return of investment (e.g., proceeds from the unconsolidated real estate ventures' sale of assets) which are reported as investing cash flows.
Noncontrolling Interests
All of the limited partner equity interests ("OP equity") in the operating partnership not held by the Company are reflected as noncontrolling interests. Noncontrolling interests also include ownership interests in DownREIT partnerships held by entities other than the operating partnership or its subsidiaries. In the condensed consolidated statements of operations, the Company allocates net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests to arrive at net income (loss) attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust.


10


For transactions that result in changes to the Company's ownership interest in its operating partnership, the carrying amount of noncontrolling interests is adjusted to reflect such changes. The difference between the fair value of the consideration received or paid and the amount by which the noncontrolling interest is adjusted is reflected as an adjustment to additional paid-in capital on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Allocation of Net Income (Loss)
The distribution rights and priorities set forth in the operating partnership's LP Agreement differ from what is reflected by the underlying percentage ownership interests of the unitholders. Accordingly, the Company allocates GAAP income (loss) utilizing the hypothetical liquidation at book value ("HLBV") method, in which the Company allocates income or loss based on the change in each unitholders’ claim on the net assets of its operating partnership at period end after adjusting for any distributions or contributions made during such period. The HLBV method is commonly applied to equity investments where cash distribution percentages vary at different points in time and are not directly linked to an equity holder’s ownership percentage.
The HLBV method is a balance sheet-focused approach to income (loss) allocation. A calculation is prepared at each balance sheet date to determine the amount that unitholders would receive if the operating partnership were to liquidate all of its assets (at GAAP net book value) and distribute the resulting proceeds to its creditors and unitholders based on the contractually defined liquidation priorities. The difference between the calculated liquidation distribution amounts at the beginning and the end of the reporting period, after adjusting for capital contributions and distributions, is used to derive each unitholder's share of the income (loss) for the period. Due to the stated liquidation priorities and because the HLBV method incorporates non-cash items such as depreciation expense, in any given period, income or loss may be allocated disproportionately to unitholders as compared to their respective ownership percentage in the operating partnership, and net income (loss) attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust could be more or less net income than actual cash distributions received and more or less income or loss than what may be received in the event of an actual liquidation. Additionally, the HLBV method could result in net income (or net loss) attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust during a period when the Company reports consolidated net loss (or net income), or net income (or net loss) attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust in excess of the Company's consolidated net income (or net loss). The computations of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share may be materially affected by these disproportionate income (loss) allocations, resulting in volatile fluctuations of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share.
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The Company has cash flow hedge derivative instruments that are measured at fair value with unrealized gains or losses recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) with a corresponding adjustment to accumulated other comprehensive income within equity, as discussed further in Note 12. Under the HLBV method of allocating income (loss) discussed above, a calculation is prepared at each balance sheet date by applying the HLBV method including, and excluding, the assets and liabilities resulting from the Company's cash flow hedge derivative instruments to determine comprehensive income (loss) attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust. As a result of the distribution rights and priorities set forth in the operating partnership's LP Agreement, in any given period, other comprehensive income (loss) may be allocated disproportionately to unitholders as compared to their respective ownership percentage in the operating partnership and as compared to their respective allocation of net income (loss).
Restricted Cash
The Company's restricted cash consists of escrowed funds deposited with financial institutions for real estate taxes, insurance and other reserves for capital improvements in accordance with the Company's loan agreements and like-kind exchange proceeds.
Assets held for sale
The Company classifies properties as held for sale when certain criteria are met. At such time, the properties, including significant assets and liabilities that are expected to be transferred as part of a sale transaction, are presented separately on the condensed consolidated balance sheet at the lower of carrying value or estimated fair value less costs to sell and depreciation is no longer recognized. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had one self storage property classified as held for sale. The results of operations for the self storage property classified as held for sale are reflected within income from operations in the Company's condensed consolidated statements of operations.


11


Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 effective January 1, 2018, and concluded that its adoption of ASU 2014-09 had no material effect on its condensed consolidated financial statements as most of the Company's revenue is derived from lease contracts, which are excluded from the scope of the new guidance. For the Company’s other property-related revenue and management fees and other revenue subject to the new guidance, the Company performed an evaluation which included identifying its performance obligations and when such performance obligations are satisfied. Based on this evaluation, the Company determined that there was no material change in the timing or pattern of recognition of revenue for these activities as compared to the application of previous revenue recognition guidance.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, which amends the existing guidance for accounting for leases, including requiring lessors to account for leases using an approach that is substantially equivalent to existing guidance for sales-type leases, direct financing leases and operating leases and lessees to recognize most leases on-balance sheet as lease liabilities with corresponding right-of-use assets. ASU 2016-02 initially required a modified retrospective approach, with entities applying the new guidance at the beginning of the earliest period presented in the financial statements in which they first apply the new standard, with certain elective transition relief. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases - Targeted Improvements, which allows entities the option to apply the new standard at adoption date with a cumulative-effect adjustment in the period of adoption. The Company will adopt ASU 2016-02 and ASU 2018-11 effective January 1, 2019. The Company is evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-02 and ASU 2018-11 will have on its operating leases, condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures. The Company expects ASU 2016-02 and ASU 2018-11 to primarily impact its accounting for its non-cancelable leasehold interest agreements in which it is the lessee. 
3. SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY AND NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS
Common Share Offering
During the three months ended September 30, 2018, the Company closed a follow-on offering of 5,900,000 of its common shares at an offering price of $29.86 per share. The Company received aggregate net proceeds from the offering of approximately $175.7 million after deducting estimated expenses associated with the offering. The Company used the net proceeds from this offering to repay borrowings outstanding under its revolving line of credit and to make capital contributions to the 2018 Joint Venture.
Noncontrolling Interests
All of the OP equity in the Company's operating partnership not held by the Company are reflected as noncontrolling interests. Noncontrolling interests also include ownership interests in DownREIT partnerships held by entities other than the Company's operating partnership. NSA is the general partner of its operating partnership and is authorized to cause its operating partnership to issue additional partner interests, including OP units and subordinated performance units, at such prices and on such other terms as it determines in its sole discretion.


12


As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, units reflecting noncontrolling interests consisted of the following:
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Series A-1 preferred units
343,719

 

OP units
28,908,984

 
26,719,607

Subordinated performance units
10,709,774

 
11,604,738

LTIP units
931,497

 
771,396

DownREIT units
 
 
 
DownREIT OP units
1,834,786

 
1,834,786

DownREIT subordinated performance units
4,386,999

 
4,386,999

Total
47,115,759

 
45,317,526

Series A-1 Preferred Units
The 6.000% Series A-1 Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Units ("Series A-1 preferred units") rank senior to OP units and subordinated performance units in the Company's operating partnership with respect to distributions and liquidation. The Series A-1 preferred units have a stated value of $25.00 per unit and receive distributions at an annual rate of 6.000%. These distributions are cumulative. The Series A-1 preferred units are redeemable at the option of the holder after the first anniversary of the date of issuance, which redemption obligations may be satisfied at the Company’s option in cash in an amount equal to the market value of an equivalent number of the Company's 6.000% Series A cumulative redeemable preferred shares of beneficial interest ("Series A preferred shares") or the issuance of Series A preferred shares on a one-for-one basis, subject to adjustments. The increase in Series A-1 preferred units outstanding from December 31, 2017 to September 30, 2018 was due to the issuance of Series A-1 preferred units in connection with the acquisition of self storage properties.
OP Units and DownREIT OP units
OP units in the Company's operating partnership are redeemable for cash or, at the Company's option, exchangeable for the Company's common shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value per share ("common shares") on a one-for-one basis, and DownREIT OP units are redeemable for cash or, at the Company's option, exchangeable for OP units in its operating partnership on a one-for-one basis, subject to certain adjustments in each case. The OP unitholders are generally not entitled to elect redemption until one year after the issuance of the OP units. The holders of DownREIT OP units are generally not entitled to elect redemption until five years after the date of the contributor's initial contribution.
The increase in OP Units outstanding from December 31, 2017 to September 30, 2018 was due to the issuance of 2,024,170 OP units related to the voluntary conversions of 997,074 subordinated performance units (as discussed further below), the issuance of 520,455 OP units in connection with the acquisition of self storage properties and 9,100 LTIP units which were converted into OP units, partially offset by the redemption of 364,348 OP units for common shares.
Subordinated Performance Units and DownREIT Subordinated Performance Units
Subordinated performance units may also, under certain circumstances, be convertible into OP units which are exchangeable for common shares as described above, and DownREIT subordinated performance units may, under certain circumstances, be exchangeable for subordinated performance units on a one-for-one basis. Subordinated performance units are only convertible into OP units after a two year lock-out period and then generally (i) at the holder’s election only upon the achievement of certain performance thresholds relating to the properties to which such subordinated performance units relate or (ii) at the Company's election upon a retirement event of a PRO that holds such subordinated performance units or upon certain qualifying terminations. The holders of DownREIT subordinated performance units are generally not entitled to elect redemption until at least five years after the date of the contributor's initial contribution.
Following such lock-out period, a holder of subordinated performance units in the Company's operating partnership may elect a voluntary conversion one time each year prior to December 1st to convert a pre-determined portion of such subordinated performance units into OP units in the Company's operating partnership, with such conversion effective January 1st of the following year, with each subordinated performance unit being converted into the number of OP units determined by dividing the average cash available for distribution, or CAD, per unit on the series of specific


13


subordinated performance units over the one-year period prior to conversion by 110% of the CAD per unit on the OP units determined over the same period. CAD per unit on the series of specific subordinated performance units and OP units is determined by the Company based generally upon the application of the provisions of the LP Agreement applicable to the distributions of operating cash flow and capital transactions proceeds.
The decrease in subordinated performance units outstanding from December 31, 2017 to September 30, 2018 was due to the voluntary conversion of 997,074 subordinated performance units into 2,024,170 OP units partially offset by the issuance of 102,110 subordinated performance units for co-investment by certain of the Company's PROs in connection with the acquisition of self storage properties.
LTIP Units
LTIP units are a special class of partnership interest in the Company's operating partnership that allow the holder to participate in the ordinary and liquidating distributions received by holders of the OP units (subject to the achievement of specified levels of profitability by the Company's operating partnership or the achievement of certain events). LTIP units may also, under certain circumstances, be convertible into OP units on a one-for-one basis, which are then exchangeable for common shares as described above.
The increase in LTIP units outstanding from December 31, 2017 to September 30, 2018 was due to the issuance of compensatory LTIP units to employees and trustees partially offset by the conversion of 9,100 LTIP units into OP units.
4. SELF STORAGE PROPERTIES
Self storage properties are summarized as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Land
$
577,167

 
$
528,304

Buildings and improvements
2,001,023

 
1,741,459

Furniture and equipment
5,876

 
5,470

Total self storage properties
2,584,066

 
2,275,233

Less accumulated depreciation
(226,086
)
 
(170,358
)
Self storage properties, net
$
2,357,980

 
$
2,104,875

Depreciation expense related to self storage properties amounted to $19.2 million and $15.2 million during the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $56.1 million and $43.6 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
5. INVESTMENT IN UNCONSOLIDATED REAL ESTATE VENTURES
2018 Joint Venture
During the three months ended September 30, 2018, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (the "NSA Member") entered into a limited liability company agreement (the "JV Agreement") of NSA HHF JV, LLC (the "2018 Joint Venture") with an affiliate of Heitman America Real Estate REIT LLC (the "JV Investor" and, together with the NSA Member, the "Members") and the 2018 Joint Venture acquired from Simply Self Storage, which is a portfolio company of a private real estate fund managed by Brookfield Asset Management, two REITs that own a portfolio of self storage properties (the "Portfolio") for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $1.325 billion in cash consisting of 112 self storage properties containing approximately 8.2 million rentable square feet, configured in over 68,000 storage units and located across 17 states and Puerto Rico.
In September, the 2018 Joint Venture completed its acquisition of the Portfolio. Immediately following the acquisition, the 2018 Joint Venture distributed the six self storage properties in the Portfolio located in Puerto Rico and a single self storage property in the Portfolio located in Ohio to the Company in exchange for a $64.2 million cash contribution from the Company. The 103 properties from the Portfolio that remain in the 2018 Joint Venture post-closing (two of the properties acquired in the Portfolio were combined with other properties in the Portfolio for operational efficiency) contain approximately 7.6 million rentable square feet configured in approximately 63,000 storage units.


14


The 2018 Joint Venture was capitalized with approximately $639.7 million in equity (approximately $159.9 million from the NSA Member in exchange for a 25% ownership interest in the 2018 Joint Venture and approximately $479.8 million from the JV Investor in exchange for a 75% ownership interest in the 2018 Joint Venture) and proceeds from a $643.0 million interest-only debt financing with an interest rate of 4.34% per annum and a maturity of 10 years secured by a first mortgage lien on each property currently held by the 2018 Joint Venture.
A subsidiary of the Company is acting as the non-member manager of the 2018 Joint Venture (the "NSA Manager"). The NSA Manager directs, manages and controls the day-to-day operations and affairs of the 2018 Joint Venture but may not cause the 2018 Joint Venture to make certain major decisions involving the business of the 2018 Joint Venture without the consent of both Members, including the approval of annual budgets, sales and acquisitions of properties, financings, and certain actions relating to bankruptcy.
The Company's investment in the 2018 Joint Venture is accounted for using the equity method of accounting and is included in investment in unconsolidated real estate ventures in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company’s earnings from its investment in the 2018 Joint Venture are presented in equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated real estate ventures on the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of operations.
2016 Joint Venture
As of September 30, 2018, the Company's unconsolidated real estate venture, formed in September 2016 with a state pension fund advised by Heitman Capital Management LLC (the "2016 Joint Venture"), owned and operated a portfolio of 73 properties containing approximately 4.9 million rentable square feet, configured in approximately 40,000 storage units and located across 14 states.
The 2016 Joint Venture acquired three self storage properties and an expansion project at an existing property for $28.5 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2018. The 2016 Joint Venture financed these acquisitions with capital contributions from the 2016 Joint Venture members, of which the Company contributed $7.3 million for its 25% proportionate share. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the 2016 Joint Venture also sold to an unrelated third party one self storage property for a gross sales price of $9.3 million.
The following table presents the combined condensed financial position of the Company's unconsolidated real estate ventures as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 (in thousands):
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
ASSETS
 
 
 
Self storage properties, net
$
1,911,714

 
$
655,973

Other assets
57,687

 
8,397

Total assets
$
1,969,401

 
$
664,370

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Debt financing
$
956,193

 
$
317,359

Other liabilities
17,825

 
4,855

Equity
995,383

 
342,156

Total liabilities and equity
$
1,969,401

 
$
664,370

 
 
 
 



15


The following table presents the combined condensed operating information of the Company's unconsolidated real estate ventures for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Total revenue
$
23,090

 
$
14,494

 
$
53,092

 
$
40,060

Property operating expenses
6,766

 
4,989

 
17,059

 
13,489

Net operating income
16,324

 
9,505

 
36,033

 
26,571

Supervisory, administrative and other expenses
(1,594
)
 
(1,034
)
 
(3,723
)
 
(2,873
)
Depreciation and amortization
(7,801
)
 
(8,168
)
 
(18,835
)
 
(23,333
)
Interest expense
(4,836
)
 
(2,880
)
 
(10,663
)
 
(8,508
)
Loss on sale of self storage properties
(820
)
 

 
(820
)
 

Acquisition and other expenses
(307
)
 
(269
)
 
(844
)
 
(902
)
Net income (loss)
$
966

 
$
(2,846
)
 
$
1,148

 
$
(9,045
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The combined condensed operating information in the table above only includes information for the 2018 Joint Venture following the acquisition of the Portfolio in September 2018.
6. SELF STORAGE PROPERTY ACQUISITIONS AND DISPOSITIONS
Acquisitions
The Company acquired 50 self storage properties and an expansion project adjacent to an existing property with an estimated fair value of $305.3 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2018. Of these acquisitions, three self storage properties and the expansion project adjacent to an existing property with an estimated fair value of $19.7 million were acquired by the Company from its PROs. The 50 self storage property acquisitions were accounted for as asset acquisitions and accordingly, $1.6 million of transaction costs related to the acquisitions were capitalized as part of the basis of the acquired properties. The Company recognized the estimated fair value of the acquired assets and assumed liabilities on the respective dates of such acquisitions. The Company allocated the total purchase price to the estimated fair value of tangible and intangible assets acquired, and liabilities assumed. The Company allocated a portion of the purchase price to identifiable intangible assets consisting of customer in-place leases which were recorded at estimated fair value of $7.1 million, resulting in a total fair value of $298.2 million allocated to real estate.
The following table summarizes the investment in self storage property acquisitions completed by the Company during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 (dollars in thousands):
Acquisitions Closed During the Three Months Ended:
 
Number of Properties
 
Summary of Investment
 
 
Cash and Acquisition Costs
 
Value of OP Equity(1)
 
Mortgages Assumed
 
Other Liabilities
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2018
 
25
 
$
105,135

 
$
22,403

 
$
7,581

 
$
670

 
$
135,789

June 30, 2018
 
12
 
62,470

 

 

 
467

 
62,937

September 30, 2018
 
13
 
102,012

 
3,660

 

 
856

 
106,528

Total
 
50
 
$
269,617

 
$
26,063

 
$
7,581

 
$
1,993

 
$
305,254

(1) 
Value of OP equity represents the fair value of Series A-1 preferred units, OP units, subordinated performance units and LTIP units. 
Dispositions
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company sold to unrelated third parties two self storage properties, one of which was classified as held for sale as of December 31, 2017. The gross sales price was $5.5 million and the Company recognized $0.4 million of gains on the sales.


16


7. OTHER ASSETS
Other assets consist of the following (dollars in thousands):
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Customer in-place leases, net of accumulated amortization of $7,638 and $3,914, respectively
$
4,492

 
$
6,590

Receivables:
 
 
 
Trade, net
3,443

 
2,274

PROs and other affiliates
1,313

 
979

Receivable from unconsolidated real estate venture
3,290

 
1,200

Property acquisition and other deposits
21,174

 
5,050

Interest rate swaps
28,351

 
12,414

Prepaid expenses and other
3,900

 
3,949

Corporate furniture, equipment and other, net
1,270

 
1,444

Trade name
3,200

 
3,200

Management contract, net of accumulated amortization of $1,387 and $856, respectively
9,234

 
9,765

Goodwill
5,750

 
5,750

Total
$
85,417

 
$
52,615

Amortization expense related to customer in-place leases amounted to $2.9 million and $3.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $9.2 million and $10.5 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Amortization expense related to the management contract amounted to $0.2 million and $0.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $0.5 million and $0.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
8. DEBT FINANCING
The Company's outstanding debt as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 is summarized as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
Interest Rate(1)
 
September 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Credit Facility:
 
 
 
 
 
Revolving line of credit
3.66%
 
$
163,500

 
$
88,500

Term loan A
2.91%
 
235,000

 
235,000

Term loan B
2.94%
 
155,000

 
155,000

Term loan C
3.71%
 
105,000

 
105,000

Term loan D
3.79%
 
125,000

 

Term loan facility
3.03%
 
175,000

 
100,000

Fixed rate mortgages payable
4.18%
 
269,382

 
271,491

Total principal
 
 
1,227,882

 
954,991

Unamortized debt issuance costs and debt premium, net
 
 
1,359

 
3,106

Total debt
 
 
$
1,229,241

 
$
958,097


(1) 
Represents the effective interest rate as of September 30, 2018. Effective interest rate incorporates the stated rate plus the impact of interest rate cash flow hedges and discount and premium amortization, if applicable. For the revolving line of credit, the effective interest rate excludes fees for unused borrowings. 


17


Credit Facility Increase
 On January 29, 2018, pursuant to a full exercise by the Company's operating partnership of its remaining expansion option and a partial exercise of its Additional Expansion Option (defined below) under its credit agreement dated as of May 6, 2016, the Company's operating partnership, as borrower, certain of its subsidiaries that are party to the credit agreement, as subsidiary guarantors, and the Company entered into a third increase agreement and amendment (the "Increase Agreement") with a syndicated group of lenders to increase the total borrowing capacity under the Company's credit agreement by adding an additional tranche D term loan facility in an aggregate outstanding principal amount of $125.0 million, for a total credit agreement of over $1.0 billion consisting of the following components: (i) a $400.0 million revolving line of credit (the "Revolver"), (ii) a tranche A term loan facility (the "Term Loan A"), which provides for a total borrowing commitment of up to $235.0 million, (iii) a tranche B term loan facility (the "Term Loan B"), which provides for a total borrowing commitment of up to $155.0 million, (iv) a tranche C term loan facility (the "Term Loan C"), which provides for a total borrowing commitment of up to $105.0 million and (iv) a tranche D term loan facility (the "Term Loan D" and together with the Revolver, the Term Loan A, Term Loan B and Term Loan C, the "credit facility"), which provides for a total borrowing commitment of up to $125.0 million. The Company renewed its expansion option under the credit facility to permit an additional $300.0 million of revolving commitments and/or term loans (the "Additional Expansion Option"), which was partially exercised in the amount of $20.0 million in connection with the Term Loan D. If exercised in full, the Additional Expansion Option would provide for a total borrowing capacity under the credit facility of $1.3 billion.
The Term Loan D matures on January 29, 2023. It is not subject to any scheduled reduction or amortization payment prior to maturity. Interest rates applicable to loans under the Term Loan D are determined based on a 1, 2, 3 or 6 month LIBOR period (as elected by the Company at the beginning of any applicable interest period) plus an applicable margin, or a base rate, determined by the greatest of the Key Bank prime rate, the federal funds rate plus 0.50% or one month LIBOR plus 1.00%, plus an applicable margin. The applicable margins for the Term Loan D are leverage based and range from 1.30% to 1.85% for LIBOR loans and 0.30% to 0.85% for base rate loans; provided that after such time as the Company achieves an investment grade rating from at least two rating agencies, the Company may elect (but is not required to elect) that the Term Loan D is subject to the rating based on applicable margins ranging from 0.90% to 1.75% for LIBOR Loans and 0.00% to 0.75% for base rate loans. The Term Loan D may be prepaid at any time without penalty.
Other than the increases and amendments related to the Term Loan D and the Additional Expansion Option described above, the Increase Agreement did not impact or amend the credit facility's previously disclosed terms, including its covenants, events of default, or terms of payment. For a summary of the Company's financial covenants and additional detail regarding the Company's credit facility, term loan facility, and fixed rate mortgages payable, please see Note 8 to the Company's most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
As of September 30, 2018, the Company had outstanding letters of credit totaling $4.7 million and would have had the capacity to borrow remaining Revolver commitments of $231.8 million while remaining in compliance with the credit facility's financial covenants. At September 30, 2018, the Company was in compliance with all such covenants.
Term Loan B Reprice
On May 31, 2018, the Company, under its credit agreement dated as of May 6, 2016, the Company's operating partnership, as borrower, and certain of its subsidiaries that are party to the credit agreement, as subsidiary guarantors, entered into a fourth amendment with a syndicated group of lenders to reduce the applicable margins for borrowings under the Term Loan B. The amended applicable margins for LIBOR loans range from 1.30% to 1.70% and for base rate loans range from 0.30% to 0.70%; provided that after such time as the Company achieves an investment grade rating from at least two rating agencies, the Company may elect (but is not required to elect) that the Term Loan B is subject to the rating based on applicable margins ranging from 0.90% to 1.75% for LIBOR Loans and 0.00% to 0.75% for base rate loans. Other than the reduction in the applicable margins for borrowings under the Term Loan B described above, the fourth amendment did not impact or amend the credit facility's previously disclosed terms, including its covenants, events of default, or terms of payment.
Term Loan Facility Increase and Reprice
On June 5, 2018, the Company's operating partnership and the Company entered into the Second Amendment (the "Second Amendment") to the Credit Agreement, dated as of June 30, 2016, by and among the Company's operating partnership, as borrower, certain of its subsidiaries that are party thereto, as subsidiary guarantors, the Company, Capital One, National Association, as administrative agent, and the other lenders party thereto. Under the Second Amendment,


18


the Company's operating partnership, among other things, partially exercised its existing $100.0 million expansion option in an aggregate amount equal to $75.0 million, increasing the aggregate amount outstanding under the term loan facility (the "Term Loan Facility") to $175.0 million. The Company also increased the remaining expansion option by $200.0 million, for a total expansion option of $225.0 million. If the remaining expansion option is exercised in full, the total expansion option would provide for a total borrowing capacity under the Term Loan Facility in an aggregate amount of $400.0 million.
In addition, the Second Amendment reduces the applicable margin for borrowings under the Term Loan Facility. The amended applicable margins for LIBOR loans range from 1.30% to 1.70% and for base rate loans range from 0.30% to 0.70%; provided that after such time as the Company achieves an investment grade rating from at least two rating agencies, the Company may elect (but is not required to elect) that the Term Loan Facility is subject to the rating based on applicable margins ranging from 0.90% to 1.75% for LIBOR loans and 0.00% to 0.75% for base rate loans. The covenants, events of default, and terms of payment under the Term Loan Facility are otherwise unchanged.
Future Debt Obligations
Based on existing debt agreements in effect as of September 30, 2018, the scheduled principal and maturity payments for the Company's outstanding borrowings are presented in the table below (in thousands):
Year Ending December 31,
 
Scheduled Principal and Maturity Payments
 
Amortization of Premium and Unamortized Debt Issuance Costs
 
Total
Remainder of 2018
 
$
1,244

 
$
(63
)
 
$
1,181

2019
 
5,128

 
(251
)
 
4,877

2020
 
202,897

 
(590
)
 
202,307

2021
 
242,603

 
(670
)
 
241,933

2022
 
159,205

 
(335
)
 
158,870

2023
 
377,049

 
49

 
377,098

Thereafter
 
239,756

 
3,219

 
242,975

 
 
$
1,227,882

 
$
1,359

 
$
1,229,241



19


9. EARNINGS PER SHARE
The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per common share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, (in thousands, except per share amounts):
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Earnings (loss) per common share - basic and diluted
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Numerator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
16,829

 
$
11,226

 
$
41,843

 
$
33,983

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(12,435
)
 
(9,955
)
 
(21,098
)
 
(29,790
)
Net income attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust
4,394

 
1,271

 
20,745

 
4,193

Distributions to preferred shareholders
(2,588
)
 

 
(7,763
)
 

Distributed and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities
(7
)
 
(7
)
 
(21
)
 
(20
)
Net income attributable to common shareholders - basic and diluted
$
1,799

 
$
1,264

 
$
12,961

 
$
4,173

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic and diluted
55,722

 
44,269

 
52,189

 
43,967

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings (loss) per share - basic and diluted
$
0.03

 
$
0.03

 
$
0.25

 
$
0.09

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As discussed in Note 2, the Company allocates GAAP income (loss) utilizing the HLBV method, in which the Company allocates income or loss based on the change in each unitholders' claim on the net assets of its operating partnership at period end after adjusting for any distributions or contributions made during such period. Due to the stated liquidation priorities and because the HLBV method incorporates non-cash items such as depreciation expense, in any given period, income or loss may be allocated disproportionately to National Storage Affiliates Trust and noncontrolling interests, resulting in volatile fluctuations of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share.
Outstanding equity interests of the operating partnership and DownREIT partnerships are considered potential common shares for purposes of calculating diluted earnings (loss) per share as the unitholders may, through the exercise of redemption rights, obtain common shares, subject to various restrictions. Basic earnings per share is calculated based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is calculated by further adjusting for the dilutive impact using the treasury stock method for unvested LTIP units subject to a service condition outstanding during the period and the if-converted method for any convertible securities outstanding during the period.
Generally, following certain lock-out periods, OP units in the operating partnership are redeemable for cash or, at the Company's option, exchangeable for common shares on a one-for-one basis, subject to certain adjustments and DownREIT OP units are redeemable for cash or, at the Company's option, exchangeable for OP units in the operating partnership on a one-for-one basis, subject to certain adjustments in each case.
LTIP units may also, under certain circumstances, be convertible into OP units on a one-for-one basis, which are then exchangeable for common shares as described above. Certain LTIP units vested prior to or upon the completion of the Company's initial public offering and certain LTIP units have vested upon the satisfaction of a service condition or will vest upon the satisfaction of future service and market conditions. Vested LTIP units and unvested LTIP units that vest based on a service or market condition are allocated income or loss in a similar manner as OP units. Unvested LTIP units subject to a service or market condition are evaluated for dilution using the treasury stock method. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, 383,712 unvested LTIP units that vest based on a service or market


20


condition are excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per share as they are not dilutive to earnings (loss) per share. In addition, certain LTIP units vest upon the future acquisition of properties sourced by PROs. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, 224,000 unvested LTIP units that vest upon the future acquisition of properties are excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per share because the contingency for the units to vest has not been attained as of the end of the reported periods.
Subordinated performance units may also, under certain circumstances, be convertible into OP units which are exchangeable for common shares as described above, and DownREIT subordinated performance units may, under certain circumstances, be exchangeable for subordinated performance units on a one-for-one basis. Subordinated performance units are only convertible into OP units, after a two year lock-out period and then generally (i) at the holder’s election only upon the achievement of certain performance thresholds relating to the properties to which such subordinated performance units relate or (ii) at the Company's election upon a retirement event of a PRO that holds such subordinated performance units or upon certain qualifying terminations. Although subordinated performance units may only be convertible after a two year lock-out period, the Company assumes a hypothetical conversion of each subordinated performance unit (including each DownREIT subordinated performance unit) into OP units (with subsequently assumed redemption into common shares) for the purposes of calculating diluted weighted average common shares. This hypothetical conversion is calculated using historical financial information, and as a result, is not necessarily indicative of the results of operations, cash flows or financial position of the Company upon expiration of the two-year lock out period on conversions.
For the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, potential common shares totaling 51.1 million and 51.3 million, respectively, related to OP units, DownREIT OP units, subordinated performance units and DownREIT subordinated performance units have been excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per share as they are not dilutive to earnings (loss) per share. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, potential common shares totaling 50.4 million and 50.6 million, respectively, related to OP units, DownREIT OP units, subordinated performance units and DownREIT subordinated performance units have been excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per share as they are not dilutive to earnings (loss) per share.
Participating securities, which consist of unvested restricted common shares, receive dividends equal to those received by common shares. The effect of participating securities for the periods presented above is calculated using the two-class method of allocating distributed and undistributed earnings.
10. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
Supervisory and Administrative Fees
For the self storage properties that are managed by the PROs, the Company has entered into asset management agreements with the PROs to provide leasing, operating, supervisory and administrative services. The asset management agreements generally provide for fees ranging from 5% to 6% of gross revenue for the managed self storage properties. During the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company incurred $4.4 million and $3.7 million, respectively, for supervisory and administrative fees to the PROs and during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company incurred $12.6 million and $10.5 million, respectively, for supervisory and administrative fees to the PROs. Such fees are included in general and administrative expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Payroll Services
For the self storage properties that are managed by the PROs, the employees responsible for operations are employees of the PROs who charge the Company for the costs associated with the respective employees. For the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company incurred $7.4 million and $6.1 million, respectively, for payroll and related costs reimbursable to these PROs and for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company incurred $21.9 million and $17.8 million, respectively, for payroll and related costs reimbursable to these PROs. Such costs are included in property operating expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.


21


Due Diligence Costs
During the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company incurred less than $0.1 million and $0.2 million, respectively, of expenses payable to certain PROs related to self storage property acquisitions sourced by the PROs and during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company incurred $0.3 million and $0.5 million, respectively, of expenses payable to certain PROs related to self storage property acquisitions sourced by the PROs. These expenses, which are based on the volume of transactions sourced by the PROs, are intended to reimburse the PROs for due diligence costs incurred in the sourcing and underwriting process. These due diligence costs are capitalized as part of the basis of the acquired self storage properties.
Self Storage Property Acquisitions
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the operating partnership issued 11,490 subordinated performance units to an affiliate of Personal Mini (the Company's chairman and chief executive officer, Arlen D. Nordhagen, has a noncontrolling minority ownership interest in this affiliate of Personal Mini), for $0.3 million of co-investment related to the acquisition of a self storage property from an unrelated third party.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the operating partnership issued 19,973 subordinated performance units to affiliates of Hide-Away, one of the Company's PROs, as partial consideration for the acquisition of a self storage property.
11. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Legal Proceedings
The Company is subject to litigation, claims, and assessments that may arise in the ordinary course of its business activities. Such matters include contractual matters, employment related issues, and regulatory proceedings. Although occasional adverse decisions or settlements may occur, the Company believes that the final disposition of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial position, results of operations, or liquidity.
12. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Recurring Fair Value Measurements
The Company sometimes limits its exposure to interest rate fluctuations by entering into interest rate swap agreements. The interest rate swap agreements moderate the Company's exposure to interest rate risk by effectively converting the interest on variable rate debt to a fixed rate. The Company measures its interest rate swap derivatives at fair value on a recurring basis. The changes in the fair value of derivatives designated and that qualify as cash flow hedges are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and are subsequently reclassified into earnings in the period that the hedged transaction affects earnings.
Information regarding the Company's interest rate swaps measured at fair value, which are classified within Level 2 of the GAAP fair value hierarchy, is presented below (dollars in thousands):
Fair value at December 31, 2016
$
8,159

Swap ineffectiveness
9

Losses on interest rate swaps reclassified into interest expense from accumulated other comprehensive income
1,958

Unrealized losses on interest rate swaps included in accumulated other comprehensive income
(2,715
)
Fair value at September 30, 2017
$
7,411

 
 
Fair value at December 31, 2017
$
12,414

Gains on interest rate swaps reclassified into interest expense from accumulated other comprehensive income
(831
)
Unrealized gains on interest rate swaps included in accumulated other comprehensive income
16,733

Fair value at September 30, 2018
$
28,316



22


As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had outstanding interest rate swaps with aggregate notional amounts of $720.0 million and $595.0 million, respectively, designated as cash flow hedges. As of September 30, 2018, the Company's swaps had a weighted average remaining term of approximately 4.1 years. The fair value of these swaps are presented within accounts payable and accrued liabilities and other assets in the Company's balance sheets, and the Company recognizes any changes in the fair value as an adjustment of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) within equity. If the forward rates at September 30, 2018 remain constant, the Company estimates that during the next 12 months, the Company would reclassify into earnings approximately $6.1 million of the unrealized gains included in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). If market interest rates are above the 1.77% weighted average fixed rate under these interest rate swaps, the Company benefits from net cash payments due from its swap counterparties.
There were no transfers between levels of the three-tier fair value measurement hierarchy during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017. For financial assets and liabilities that utilize Level 2 inputs, the Company utilizes both direct and indirect observable price quotes, including LIBOR yield curves. The Company uses valuation techniques for Level 2 financial assets and liabilities which include LIBOR yield curves at the reporting date as well as assessing counterparty credit risk. Counterparties to these contracts are highly rated financial institutions. Although the Company has determined that the majority of the inputs used to value its derivatives fall within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, the credit valuation adjustments associated with the Company's derivatives utilize Level 3 inputs, such as estimates of current credit spreads, to evaluate the likelihood of default by the Company and the counterparties. As of September 30, 2018, the Company determined that the effect of credit valuation adjustments on the overall valuation of its derivative positions are not significant to the overall valuation of its derivatives. Therefore, the Company has determined that its derivative valuations are appropriately classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
Fair Value Disclosures
The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, trade receivables, and accounts payable and accrued liabilities reflected in the balance sheets at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, approximate fair value due to the short term nature of these financial assets and liabilities. The carrying value of variable rate debt financing reflected in the balance sheets at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 approximates fair value as the changes in their associated interest rates reflect the current market and credit risk is similar to when the loans were originally obtained.
The combined principal balance of the Company's fixed rate mortgages payable was approximately $269.4 million as of September 30, 2018 with a fair value of approximately $272.4 million (categorized within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy). In determining the fair value, the Company estimated a weighted average market interest rate of approximately 4.57%, compared to the weighted average contractual interest rate of 4.85%. The combined principal balance of the Company's fixed rate mortgages was approximately $271.5 million as of December 31, 2017 with a fair value of approximately $282.6 million. In determining the fair value as of December 31, 2017, the Company estimated a weighted average market interest rate of approximately 4.04%, compared to the weighted average contractual interest rate of 4.87%.
13. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
New PRO
In October 2018, the Company entered into definitive agreements with affiliates of Southern Self Storage, LLC d/b/a Southern Self Storage of Palm Beach Gardens, Florida, to add Southern Self Storage (“Southern”) as the Company's ninth PRO. The Company expects the initial contribution transaction and related closing documentation, including the entry into a facilities portfolio management agreement, to close in January 2019, subject to customary closing conditions.
Southern currently owns and operates a portfolio of nine self storage properties, primarily located in the southeast region of the United States. In accordance with the executed agreements, Southern will contribute six of these properties to the Company in January 2019 as part of the initial contribution transaction, and the remaining properties will be included in the Company's acquisition pipeline. As part of their initial contribution, Southern will co-invest sufficient subordinated equity to manage the six Company properties located in Puerto Rico that were acquired in connection with the formation of the 2018 Joint Venture as well as an additional 11 properties in Louisiana that the Company is under contract to acquire, which acquisition is scheduled to close in January 2019. As a result, Southern’s initial managed PRO portfolio will consist of 23 properties. Thereafter, Southern will focus on growing its NSA PRO portfolio in New Orleans, Puerto Rico, the Florida panhandle and southern Georgia.


23


ITEM 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Forward-Looking Statements
We make forward-looking statements in this report that are subject to risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements include information about possible or assumed future results of our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, plans and objectives. When we use the words "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "estimate," "plan," "continue," "intend," "should," "may," or similar expressions, we intend to identify forward-looking statements.
The forward-looking statements contained in this report reflect our current views about future events and are subject to numerous known and unknown risks, uncertainties, assumptions, and changes in circumstances that may cause our actual results to differ significantly from those expressed in any forward-looking statement.
Statements regarding the following subjects, among others, may be forward-looking:
market trends in our industry, interest rates, the debt and lending markets or the general economy;
our business and investment strategy;
the acquisition of properties, including those under contract, and the ability of our acquisitions to achieve underwritten capitalization rates and our ability to execute on our acquisition pipeline;
the timing of acquisitions;
our relationships with, and our ability and timing to attract additional, PROs;
our ability to effectively align the interests of our PROs with us and our shareholders;
the integration of our PROs and their managed portfolios into the Company, including into our financial and operational reporting infrastructure and internal control framework;
our operating performance and projected operating results, including our ability to achieve market rents and occupancy levels, reduce operating expenditures and increase the sale of ancillary products and services;
our ability to access additional off-market acquisitions;
actions and initiatives of the U.S. federal, state and local government and changes to U.S. federal, state and local government policies and the execution and impact of these actions, initiatives and policies;
the state of the U.S. economy generally or in specific geographic regions, states, territories or municipalities;
economic trends and economic recoveries;
our ability to obtain and maintain financing arrangements on favorable terms;
general volatility of the securities markets in which we participate;
changes in the value of our assets;
projected capital expenditures;
the impact of technology on our products, operations, and business;
the implementation of our technology and best practices programs (including our ability to effectively implement our integrated Internet marketing strategy);
changes in interest rates and the degree to which our hedging strategies may or may not protect us from interest rate volatility;
impact of and changes in governmental regulations, tax law and rates, accounting guidance and similar matters;
our ability to continue to qualify and maintain our qualification as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes;
availability of qualified personnel;


24


the timing of conversions of subordinated performance units in our operating partnership and subsidiaries of our operating partnership into OP units in our operating partnership, the conversion ratio in effect at such time and the impact of such convertibility on our diluted earnings (loss) per share;
the risks of investing through joint ventures, including whether the anticipated benefits from a joint venture are realized or may take longer to realize than expected;
estimates relating to our ability to make distributions to our shareholders in the future; and
our understanding of our competition.
The forward-looking statements are based on our beliefs, assumptions and expectations of our future performance, taking into account all information currently available to us. Forward-looking statements are not predictions of future events. These beliefs, assumptions, and expectations can change as a result of many possible events or factors, not all of which are known to us. Readers should carefully review our financial statements and the notes thereto, as well as the sections entitled "Business," "Risk Factors," "Properties," and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," described in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 27, 2018 (the "Annual Report"), and the other documents we file from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission. If a change occurs, our business, financial condition, liquidity and results of operations may vary materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made. New risks and uncertainties arise over time, and it is not possible for us to predict those events or how they may affect us. Except as required by law, we are not obligated to, and do not intend to, update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
Overview
National Storage Affiliates Trust is a fully integrated, self-administered and self-managed real estate investment trust organized in the state of Maryland on May 16, 2013. We have elected and believe we have qualified to be taxed as a REIT commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2015. We serve as the sole general partner of our operating partnership, a Delaware limited partnership formed on February 13, 2013 to conduct our business, which is focused on the ownership, operation, and acquisition of self storage properties located within the top 100 metropolitan statistical areas throughout the United States.
Our chairman and chief executive officer, Arlen D. Nordhagen, co-founded SecurCare Self Storage, Inc. in 1988 to invest in and manage self storage properties. While growing SecurCare to over 150 self storage properties, Mr. Nordhagen recognized a market opportunity for a differentiated public self storage REIT that would leverage the benefits of national scale by integrating multiple experienced regional self storage operators with local operational focus and expertise. We believe that his vision, which is the foundation of the Company, aligns the interests of our participating regional operators ("PROs"), with those of our public shareholders by allowing our PROs to participate alongside our shareholders in our financial performance and the performance of our PROs' managed portfolios. This structure offers our PROs a unique opportunity to serve as regional property managers for their managed portfolios and directly participate in the potential upside of those properties while simultaneously diversifying their investment to include a broader portfolio of self storage properties.
Our Structure
Our structure promotes operator accountability as subordinated performance units issued to our PROs in exchange for the contribution of their properties are entitled to distributions only after those properties satisfy minimum performance thresholds. In the event of a material reduction in operating cash flow, distributions on our subordinated performance units will be reduced before or disproportionately to distributions on our common shares held by our common shareholders. In addition, we expect our PROs will generally co-invest subordinated equity in the form of subordinated performance units in each acquisition that they source, and the value of these subordinated performance units will fluctuate with the performance of their managed portfolios. Therefore, our PROs are incentivized to select acquisitions that are expected to exceed minimum performance thresholds, thereby increasing the value of their subordinated equity stake. We expect that our shareholders will benefit from the higher levels of property performance that our PROs are incentivized to deliver.


25


Our PROs
The Company had eight PROs as of September 30, 2018: SecurCare, Northwest, Optivest, Guardian, Move It, Storage Solutions, Hide Away and Personal Mini. We seek to further expand our platform by continuing to recruit additional established self storage operators, while integrating our operations through the implementation of centralized initiatives, including management information systems, revenue enhancement, and cost optimization programs. Our national platform allows us to capture cost savings by eliminating redundancies and utilizing economies of scale across the property management platforms of our PROs while also providing greater access to lower-cost capital.
Our Consolidated Properties
We seek to own properties that are well located in high quality sub-markets with highly accessible street access and attractive supply and demand characteristics, providing our properties with strong and stable cash flows that are less sensitive to the fluctuations of the general economy. Many of these markets have multiple barriers to entry against increased supply, including zoning restrictions against new construction and new construction costs that we believe are higher than our properties' fair market value.
As of September 30, 2018, we owned a geographically diversified portfolio of 492 self storage properties, located in 26 states and Puerto Rico, comprising approximately 30.0 million rentable square feet, configured in approximately 239,000 storage units. Of these properties, 246 were acquired by us from our PROs and 246 were acquired by us from third-party sellers.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we acquired 50 self storage properties and an expansion project at an existing property for $305.3 million, comprising approximately 2.8 million rentable square feet, configured in approximately 24,900 storage units. Of these acquisitions, three were acquired by us from our PROs and 47 were acquired by us from third-party sellers.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we sold to unrelated third parties two self storage properties for $5.5 million, comprising approximately 0.1 million rentable square feet, configured in approximately 1,500 storage units.
Our Unconsolidated Real Estate Ventures
We seek to opportunistically partner with institutional funds and other institutional investors to acquire attractive portfolios utilizing a promoted return structure. We believe there is significant opportunity for continued external growth by partnering with institutional investors seeking to deploy capital in the self storage industry.
2018 Joint Venture
During the three months ended September 30, 2018, we formed the 2018 Joint Venture, in which we have a 25% ownership interest, with an affiliate of Heitman America Real Estate REIT LLC. In September 2018, the 2018 Joint Venture completed the acquisition of a Portfolio of 112 self storage properties located across 17 states and Puerto Rico, consisting of approximately 8.2 million rentable square feet configured in over 68,000 storage units for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $1.325 billion.
Immediately following the closing of the acquisition, the 2018 Joint Venture distributed the six self storage properties in the Portfolio located in Puerto Rico and a single self storage property located in Ohio to us in exchange for a $64.2 million cash contribution from us. In addition, two of the properties acquired in the Portfolio were combined with other properties for operational efficiency. As of September 30, 2018, our 2018 Joint Venture owned and operated a portfolio of 103 properties containing approximately 7.6 million rentable square feet, configured in approximately 63,000 storage units and located across 17 states.
2016 Joint Venture
As of September 30, 2018, our 2016 Joint Venture, in which we have a 25% ownership interest, owned and operated a portfolio of 73 properties containing approximately 4.9 million rentable square feet, configured in approximately 40,000 storage units and located across 14 states.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, our 2016 Joint Venture acquired three self storage properties and an expansion project at an existing property for $28.5 million, comprising approximately 0.2 million rentable square feet, configured in approximately 1,300 storage units. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, our 2016


26


Joint Venture sold to an unrelated third party one self storage property for $9.3 million, comprising approximately 0.2 million rentable square feet, configured in approximately 800 storage units.
Our Property Management Platform
Through our property management platform, we direct, manage and control the day-to-day operations and affairs of certain consolidated properties and our unconsolidated real estate ventures. We earn certain customary fees for managing and operating the properties in the unconsolidated real estate ventures and we facilitate tenant insurance and/or tenant warranty protection programs for tenants at these properties in exchange for half of all proceeds from such programs.
Results of Operations
When reviewing our results of operations it is important to consider the timing of acquisition activity. We acquired 50 self storage properties during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 65 self storage properties during the year ended December 31, 2017. As a result of these and other factors, we do not believe that our historical results of operations discussed and analyzed below are comparable or necessarily indicative of our future results of operations or cash flows.
To help analyze the operating performance of our self storage properties, we also discuss and analyze operating results relating to our same store portfolio. Our same store portfolio is defined as those properties owned and operated since the first day of the earliest year presented, excluding any properties sold, expected to be sold or subject to significant changes such as expansions or casualty events which cause the portfolio's year-over-year operating results to no longer be comparable. As of September 30, 2018, our same store portfolio consisted of 376 self storage properties.
The following discussion and analysis of the results of our operations and financial condition should be read in conjunction with the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements in Item 1. Certain figures, such as interest rates and other percentages, included in this section have been rounded for ease of presentation. Percentage figures included in this section have not in all cases been calculated on the basis of such rounded figures but on the basis of such amounts prior to rounding. For this reason, percentage amounts in this section may vary slightly from those obtained by performing the same calculations using the figures in our condensed consolidated financial statements or in the associated text. Certain other amounts that appear in this section may similarly not sum due to rounding.
Three Months Ended September 30, 2018 compared to the Three Months Ended September 30, 2017
Net income was $16.8 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to $11.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017, an increase of $5.6 million. The increase was primarily due to an increase in net operating income ("NOI") resulting from an additional 81 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2017 and September 30, 2018 and same store NOI growth partially offset by increases in depreciation and amortization, interest expense and general and administrative expenses, For a description of NOI, see "Non-GAAP Financial measures – NOI".
The following table illustrates the changes in rental revenue, other property-related revenue, management fees and other revenue, property operating expenses, and other expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2018 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2017 (dollars in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
Rental revenue
 
 
 
 
 
Same store portfolio
$
62,585

 
$
60,117

 
$
2,468

Non-same store portfolio
16,962

 
4,598

 
12,364

Total rental revenue
79,547

 
64,715

 
14,832

Other property-related revenue
 
 
 
 
 
Same store portfolio
2,055

 
2,023

 
32

Non-same store portfolio
632

 
122

 
510

Total other property-related revenue
2,687

 
2,145

 
542

Property operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
Same store portfolio
20,237

 
19,835

 
402



27


 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
Non-same store portfolio
6,315

 
1,783

 
4,532

Total property operating expenses
26,552

 
21,618

 
4,934

Net operating income
 
 
 
 
 
Same store portfolio
44,403

 
42,305

 
2,098

Non-same store portfolio
11,279

 
2,937

 
8,342

Total net operating income
55,682

 
45,242

 
10,440

Management fees and other revenue
3,148

 
1,998

 
1,150

General and administrative expenses
(8,848
)
 
(7,480
)
 
(1,368
)
Depreciation and amortization
(22,469
)
 
(18,463
)
 
(4,006
)
Income from operations
27,513

 
21,297

 
6,216

Other (expense) income
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(10,656
)
 
(9,157
)
 
(1,499
)
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated real estate ventures
242

 
(710
)
 
952

Acquisition costs
(141
)
 
(139
)
 
(2
)
Non-operating income (expense)
153

 
(9
)
 
162

Gain on sale of self storage properties

 
106

 
(106
)
Other expense
(10,402
)
 
(9,909
)
 
(493
)
Income before income taxes
17,111

 
11,388

 
5,723

Income tax expense
(282
)
 
(162
)
 
(120
)
Net income
16,829

 
11,226

 
5,603

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(12,435
)
 
(9,955
)
 
(2,480
)
Net income attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust
4,394

 
1,271

 
3,123

Distributions to preferred shareholders
(2,588
)
 

 
(2,588
)
Net income attributable to common shareholders
$
1,806

 
$
1,271

 
$
535

Total Revenue
Our total revenue increased by $16.5 million, or 24.0%, for the three months ended September 30, 2018, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2017. This increase was primarily attributable to incremental revenue from 81 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2017 and September 30, 2018 and regular rental increases for in-place tenants. Average total portfolio occupancy decreased from 90.4% for the three months ended September 30, 2017 to 89.7% for the three months ended September 30, 2018. Average occupancy is calculated based on the average of the month-end occupancy immediately preceding the period presented and the month-end occupancies included in the respective period presented.
Rental Revenue
Rental revenue increased by $14.8 million, or 22.9%, for the three months ended September 30, 2018, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2017. The increase in rental revenue was due to a $12.4 million increase in non-same store rental revenue which was primarily attributable to incremental rental revenue of $10.0 million from 68 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2017 and June 30, 2018, and $0.9 million from 13 self storage properties acquired during the three months ended September 30, 2018. Same store portfolio rental revenues increased $2.5 million, or 4.1%, due to a 3.8% increase, from $11.70 to $12.15, in same store rental revenue divided by average occupied square feet ("rental revenue per occupied square foot"), driven primarily by increased contractual lease rates for in-place tenants and fees.


28


Other Property-Related Revenue
Other property-related revenue represents ancillary income from our self storage properties, such as tenant insurance-related access fees and commissions and sales of storage supplies. Other property-related revenue increased by $0.5 million, or 25.3%, for the three months ended September 30, 2018, as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2017. This increase primarily resulted from a $0.5 million increase in non-same store other property-related revenue which was primarily attributable to incremental other property-related revenue of $0.3 million from 68 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2017 and June 30, 2018.
Management Fees and Other Revenue
Management and other fees, which are primarily related to managing and operating the unconsolidated real estate ventures, were $3.1 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to $2.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017, an increase of $1.2 million, or 57.6%. This increase was primarily attributable to incremental fees earned from the 2018 Joint Venture following the acquisition of the Portfolio in September 2018.
Property Operating Expenses
Property operating expenses were $26.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018 compared to $21.6 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017, an increase of $4.9 million, or 22.8%. This increase resulted from a $4.5 million increase in non-same store property operating expenses that was primarily attributable to incremental property operating expenses of $3.9 million from 68 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2017 and June 30, 2018, and $0.2 million from 13 self storage properties acquired during the three months ended September 30, 2018. In addition, same store portfolio property operating expenses increased $0.4 million, or 2.0%, primarily due to increases in personnel expenses and property taxes.
General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses increased $1.4 million, or 18.3%, for the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2017. This increase was attributable to increases in supervisory and administrative fees charged by our PROs of $0.6 million primarily as a result of incremental fees related to the 81 properties we acquired from October 1, 2017 to September 30, 2018, salaries and benefits of $0.3 million and costs related to our property management platform of $0.2 million.
Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization increased $4.0 million, or 21.7%, for the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2017. This increase was primarily attributable to incremental depreciation expense related to the self storage properties we acquired subsequent to October 1, 2017, partially offset by a decrease in amortization of customer in-place leases from $3.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017 to $2.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018.
Interest Expense
Interest expense increased $1.5 million, or 16.4%, for the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to the three months ended September 30, 2017. The increase in interest expense was primarily attributable to higher interest rates on variable-rate debt and a new Term Loan D borrowing during the three months ended March 31, 2018 partially offset by lower outstanding borrowings under the Revolver during the three months ended September 30, 2018 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2017.
Equity In Earnings (Losses) Of Unconsolidated Real Estate Ventures
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated real estate ventures represents our share of earnings and losses earned through our 25% ownership interests in the 2018 Joint Venture and the 2016 Joint Venture. During the three months ended September 30, 2018, we recorded $0.2 million of equity in earnings from our unconsolidated real estate ventures compared to $0.7 million of losses for the three months ended September 30, 2017. The was primarily the result of decreases in amortization of customer in-place leases recorded by our 2016 Joint Venture during the three months ended September 30, 2018 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2017, and incremental earnings from our 2018 Joint Venture following the acquisition of the Portfolio in September 2018.


29


Net Income Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
As discussed in Note 2 in Item 1, we allocate GAAP income (loss) utilizing the HLBV method, in which we allocate income or loss based on the change in each unitholders' claim on the net assets of our operating partnership at period end after adjusting for any distributions or contributions made during such period.
Due to the stated liquidation priorities and because the HLBV method incorporates non-cash items such as depreciation expense, in any given period, income or loss may be allocated disproportionately to noncontrolling interests. Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests was $12.4 million for the three months ended September 30, 2018, compared to $10.0 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017.
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 compared to the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
Net income was $41.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared to $34.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, an increase of $7.8 million. The increase was primarily due to an increase in NOI resulting from an additional 81 self storage properties we acquired between October 1, 2017 and September 30, 2018, and same store NOI growth, partially offset by a decrease in gains from the sale of self storage properties and increases in depreciation and amortization, interest expense and general and administrative expenses.
The following table illustrates the changes in rental revenue, other property-related revenue, management fees and other revenue, property operating expenses, and other expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2017 (dollars in thousands):
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
Rental revenue
 
 
 
 
 
Same store portfolio
$
181,803

 
$
174,881

 
$
6,922

Non-Same store portfolio
44,774

 
7,832

 
36,942

Total rental revenue
226,577

 
182,713

 
43,864

Other property-related revenue
 
 
 
 
 
Same store portfolio
6,057

 
5,837

 
220

Non-Same store portfolio
1,500

 
234

 
1,266

Total other property-related revenue
7,557

 
6,071

 
1,486

Property operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
Same store portfolio
59,713

 
58,092

 
1,621

Non-Same store portfolio
17,249

 
3,078

 
14,171

Total property operating expenses
76,962

 
61,170

 
15,792

Net operating income
 
 
 
 
 
Same store portfolio
128,147

 
122,626

 
5,521

Non-same store portfolio
29,025

 
4,988

 
24,037

Total net operating income
157,172

 
127,614

 
29,558

Management fees and other revenue
7,464

 
5,978

 
1,486

General and administrative expenses
(25,614
)
 
(22,066
)
 
(3,548
)
Depreciation and amortization
(66,226
)
 
(54,946
)
 
(11,280
)
Income from operations
72,796

 
56,580

 
16,216

Other (expense) income
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(30,763
)
 
(24,788
)
 
(5,975
)
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated real estate ventures
290

 
(2,260
)
 
2,550

Acquisition costs
(471
)
 
(450
)
 
(21
)
Non-operating income (expense)
69

 
(75
)
 
144

Gain on sale of self storage properties
391

 
5,743

 
(5,352
)
Other expense
(30,484
)
 
(21,830
)
 
(8,654
)


30


 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
Income before income taxes
42,312

 
34,750

 
7,562

Income tax expense
(469
)
 
(767
)
 
298

Net income
41,843

 
33,983

 
7,860

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(21,098
)
 
(29,790
)
 
8,692

Net income attributable to National Storage Affiliates Trust
20,745

 
4,193

 
16,552

Distributions to preferred shareholders
(7,763
)
 

 
(7,763
)
Net income attributable to common shareholders
$
12,982

 
$
4,193

 
$
8,789

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Revenue
Our total revenue increased by $46.8 million, or 24.0%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2017. This increase was primarily attributable to incremental rental revenue from 81 self storage properties we acquired between October 1, 2017 and September 30, 2018, increased fees and regular rental increases for in-place tenants. Average total portfolio occupancy decreased from 89.3% for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 to 88.5% for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
Rental Revenue
Rental revenue increased by $43.9 million, or 24.0%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The increase in rental revenue was primarily due to a $36.9 million increase in non-same store rental revenue which was attributable to incremental rental revenue of $14.4 million from 31 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2017 and December 31, 2017, and $12.6 million from 50 self storage properties acquired during the nine months ended September 30, 2018. Same store portfolio rental revenues increased $6.9 million, or 4.0%, due to a 3.8% increase, from $11.47 to $11.91, in same store rental revenue per occupied square foot, driven primarily by a combination of increased contractual lease rates for in-place tenants and fees.
Other Property-Related Revenue
Other property-related revenue represents ancillary income from our self storage properties, such as tenant insurance-related access fees and commissions and sales of storage supplies. Other property-related revenue increased by $1.5 million, or 24.5%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, as compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2017. This increase primarily resulted from a $1.3 million increase in non-same store other property-related revenue which was attributable to incremental other property-related revenue of $0.5 million from 31 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2017 and December 31, 2017, and $0.3 million from 50 self storage properties acquired during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
Management Fees and Other Revenue
Management and other fees, which are primarily related to managing and operating the unconsolidated real estate ventures, were $7.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared to $6.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, an increase of $1.5 million, or 24.9%. This increase was primarily attributable to incremental fees earned from the 2018 Joint Venture following the acquisition of the Portfolio in September 2018.
Property Operating Expenses
Property operating expenses increased $15.8 million, or 25.8%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2017. This increase resulted from a $14.2 million increase in non-same store property operating expenses attributable to incremental property operating expenses of $6.3 million from 31 self storage properties acquired between October 1, 2017 and December 31, 2017, and $4.5 million from 50 self storage properties acquired during the nine months ended September 30, 2018. In addition, same store portfolio property operating expenses increased $1.6 million, or 2.8%, due to increases in property taxes, advertising costs and personnel and related costs.


31


General and Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses increased $3.5 million, or 16.1%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2017. This increase was attributable to increases in supervisory and administrative fees charged by our PROs of $2.0 million primarily as a result of incremental fees related to the 81 properties we acquired from October 1, 2017 to September 30, 2018, salaries and benefits of $0.7 million and costs related to our property management platform of $0.5 million.
Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization increased $11.3 million, or 20.5%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2017. This increase was primarily attributable to incremental depreciation expense related to the self storage properties we acquired subsequent to October 1, 2017. This increase was partially offset by a decrease in amortization of customer in-place leases from $10.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 to $9.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.
Interest Expense
Interest expense increased $6.0 million, or 24.1%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2017. The increase in interest expense was primarily due to higher interest rates on variable-rate debt, a new term loan D borrowing, $75.0 million of additional Term Loan Facility borrowings during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and a $84.9 million secured debt financing we entered into during August 2017, partially offset by lower outstanding borrowings under the Revolver during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2017.
Equity In Earnings (Losses) Of Unconsolidated Real Estate Ventures
Equity in earnings (losses) of unconsolidated real estate venture represents our share of earnings and losses earned through our 25% ownership interest in the 2018 Joint Venture and the 2016 Joint Venture. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we recorded $0.3 million of equity in earnings from our unconsolidated real estate ventures compared to $2.3 million of equity in losses for the nine months ended September 30, 2017. This was primarily the result of decreases in amortization of customer in-place leases recorded by our 2016 Joint Venture during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2017, and incremental earnings from our 2018 Joint Venture following the acquisition of the Portfolio in September 2018.
Gain On Sale of Self Storage Properties
Gain on on sale of self storage properties was $0.4 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared to $5.7 million for nine months ended September 30, 2017. During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, we sold two self storage properties to unrelated third parties for gross proceeds of $5.5 million and during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 we sold two self storage properties and improved land adjacent to self storage properties for gross proceeds of $11.4 million.
Net Loss Attributable to Noncontrolling Interests
As discussed in Note 2 in Item 1, we allocate GAAP income (loss) utilizing the HLBV method, in which we allocate income or loss based on the change in each unitholders' claim on the net assets of our operating partnership at period end after adjusting for any distributions or contributions made during such period.
Due to the stated liquidation priorities and because the HLBV method incorporates non-cash items such as depreciation expense, in any given period, income or loss may be allocated disproportionately to noncontrolling interests. Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests was $21.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018, compared to $29.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017.


32


Non-GAAP Financial Measures
FFO and Core FFO
Funds from operations, or FFO, is a widely used performance measure for real estate companies and is provided here as a supplemental measure of our operating performance. The April 2002 National Policy Bulletin of NAREIT, which we refer to as the White Paper, as amended, defines FFO as net income (loss) (as determined under GAAP), excluding gains (or losses) from sales of real estate and related impairment charges, plus real estate depreciation and amortization, and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. We include amortization of customer in-place leases in real estate depreciation and amortization in the calculation of FFO because we believe the amortization of customer in-place leases is analogous to real estate depreciation, as the value of such intangibles is inextricably connected to the real estate acquired. Distributions declared on subordinated performance units and DownREIT subordinated performance units represent our allocation of FFO to noncontrolling interests held by subordinated performance unitholders and DownREIT subordinated performance unitholders. For purposes of calculating FFO attributable to common shareholders, OP unitholders and LTIP unitholders, we exclude distributions declared on subordinated performance units, DownREIT subordinated performance units, preferred shares and preferred units. We define Core FFO as FFO, as further adjusted to eliminate the impact of certain items that we do not consider indicative of our core operating performance. These further adjustments consist of acquisition costs, organizational and offering costs, gains on debt forgiveness, gains (losses) on early extinguishment of debt and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures.
Management uses FFO and Core FFO as key performance indicators in evaluating the operations of our properties. Given the nature of our business as a real estate owner and operator, we consider FFO and Core FFO as key supplemental measures of our operating performance that are not specifically defined by GAAP. We believe that FFO and Core FFO are useful to management and investors as a starting point in measuring our operational performance because FFO and Core FFO exclude various items included in net income (loss) that do not relate to or are not indicative of our operating performance such as gains (or losses) from sales of self storage properties and depreciation, which can make periodic and peer analyses of operating performance more difficult. Our computation of FFO and Core FFO may not be comparable to FFO reported by other REITs or real estate companies.
FFO and Core FFO should be considered in addition to, but not as a substitute for, other measures of financial performance reported in accordance with GAAP, such as total revenues, operating income and net income (loss). FFO and Core FFO do not represent cash generated from operating activities determined in accordance with GAAP and are not a measure of liquidity or an indicator of our ability to make cash distributions. We believe that to further understand our performance, FFO and Core FFO should be compared with our reported net income (loss) and considered in addition to cash flows computed in accordance with GAAP, as presented in our condensed consolidated financial statements.


33


The following table presents a reconciliation of net income (loss) to FFO and Core FFO for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 (in thousands, except per share and unit amounts):
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income
$
16,829

 
$
11,226

 
$
41,843

 
$
33,983

Add (subtract):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real estate depreciation and amortization
22,164

 
18,187

 
65,332

 
53,773

Company's share of unconsolidated real estate venture real estate depreciation and amortization
1,954

 
2,042

 
4,709

 
5,832

Gain on sale of self storage properties

 
(106
)
 
(391
)
 
(5,743
)
Company's share of unconsolidated real estate venture loss on sale of properties
205

 

 
205

 

Distributions to preferred shareholders and unitholders
(2,711
)
 

 
(8,106
)
 

FFO attributable to subordinated performance unitholders(1)
(7,358
)
 
(7,699
)
 
(19,415
)
 
(20,743
)
FFO attributable to common shareholders, OP unitholders, and LTIP unitholders
31,083

 
23,650

 
84,177

 
67,102

Add:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acquisition costs
141

 
139

 
471

 
450

Company's share of unconsolidated real estate venture acquisition costs

 
1

 

 
22

Core FFO attributable to common shareholders, OP unitholders, and LTIP unitholders
$
31,224

 
$
23,790

 
$
84,648

 
$
67,574

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares and units outstanding - FFO and Core FFO:(2)
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic
55,722

 
44,269

 
52,189

 
43,967

Weighted average restricted common shares outstanding
29

 
27

 
30

 
24

Weighted average OP units outstanding
28,910

 
26,361

 
29,009

 
25,984

Weighted average DownREIT OP unit equivalents outstanding
1,835

 
1,835

 
1,835

 
1,835

Weighted average LTIP units outstanding
715

 
603

 
689

 
1,095

Total weighted average shares and units outstanding - FFO and Core FFO
87,211

 
73,095

 
83,752

 
72,905

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FFO per share and unit
$
0.36

 
$
0.32

 
$
1.01

 
$
0.92

Core FFO per share and unit
$
0.36

 
$
0.33

 
$
1.01

 
$
0.93

(1) Amounts represent distributions declared for subordinated performance unitholders and DownREIT subordinated performance unitholders for the periods presented.
(2) NSA combines OP units and DownREIT OP units with common shares because, after the applicable lock-out periods, OP units in the Company's operating partnership are redeemable for cash or, at NSA's option, exchangeable for common shares on a one-for-one basis and DownREIT OP units are also redeemable for cash or, at NSA's option, exchangeable for OP units in our operating partnership on a one-for-one basis, subject to certain adjustments in each case. Subordinated performance units, DownREIT subordinated performance units, and LTIP units may also, under certain circumstances, be convertible into or exchangeable for common shares (or other units that are convertible into or exchangeable for common shares). See footnote(1) in the following table for additional discussion of subordinated performance units, DownREIT subordinated performance units, and LTIP units in the calculation of FFO and Core FFO per share and unit.


34


The following table presents a reconciliation of earnings (loss) per share - diluted to FFO and Core FFO per share and unit for the three and nine months ended September